College of Arts & Sciences Earth Sciences

Mark R. Sweeney

Mark Sweeney
Associate Professor
Earth Sciences, College of Arts & Sciences
UAK Akeley-Lawrence Science Center 311
Phone: 605-677-6142
Research Interests:
I conduct a variety of research projects related to sedimentology & geomorphology. My expertise is in the generation and the deposition of dust.
Education:
  • Ph D, Geology, Washington State University, 2004
  • MS, Geosciences, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, 1999
  • BS, Geology, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, 1997
Grants:
  • Collaborative Research: Linking loess landforms and eolian processes, NSF, (2009 - 2011)
  • Collaborative Research: Mechanisms Producing Variation in Lake Salinity in Dune Environments: Nebraska, NSF, (2010 - 2011)
  • Travel grant, Office of Research, (2006 - 2006)
  • USD Bush Grant, USD Continuing Education, (2008 - 2008)
  • Where does dust originate? Geomorphic and climatic control on the evolution of dust sources in the Mojave Desert, USA, NSF, (2007 - 2010)
  • Acquisition of a Portable In Situ Wind Erosion Lab (PI-SWERL) for research in Earth Sciences, NSF, (2011 - 2012)
Publications:
  • Sweeney, M., Mason, J., (2013), Mechanisms of dust emission from Pleistocene loess deposits, Nebraska, USA, Journal of Geophysical Research - Earth Surface, vol. 118.
  • Sweeney, M., McDonald, E., Markley, C., (2013), Alluvial sediment or playas: what is the dominant source of sand and silt in desert soil Av horizons, southwest USA, Journal of Geophysical Research - Earth Surface, vol. 118.
  • Loope, D., Elder, J., Sweeney, M., (2012), Downslope coarsening in aeolian grainflows of the Navajo Sandstone, Sedimentary Geology/ Elsevier, vol. 265-266, pp. 156-162.
  • McDonald, E., Sweeney, M., Busacca, A., (2012), Glacial outburst floods and loess sedimentation documented during oxygen isotope stage 4 on the Columbia Plateau, Washington State, Quaternary Science Reviews/ Elsevier, vol. 45, pp. 18-30.
  • King, J., Etyemezian, V., Sweeney, M., Buck, B., Nikolich, G., (2011), Dust emission variability at the Salton Sea, California, USA, Aeolian Research/ Elsevier, vol. 3, pp. 67-79. (DOI: 10.1016/j.aeolia.2001.03.005)
  • Sweeney, M., McDonald, E., Etyemezian, V., (2011), Quantifying dust emissions from desert landforms, eastern Mojave Desert, USA, Geomorphology/Elsevier, vol. 135, pp. 21-34. (DOI: 10.1016/j.geomorph.2011.07.022)
  • Kavouras, I., Etyemezian, V., Nikolich, G., Gillies, J., Sweeney, M., Young, M., Shafer, D., (2009), A new technique for characterizing the efficacy of fugitive dust suppressants, Journal of Air and Waste Management/Air and Waste Management Assoc, vol. 59, pp. 603-612.
  • Sweeney, M., Etyemezian, V., Macpherson, T., Nickling, W., Gillies, J., Nikolich, G., McDonald, E., (2008), Comparison of PI-SWERL with dust emission measurements from a straight-line field wind tunnel, Journal of Geophysical Research - Earth Surface/Americal Geophysical Union, vol. 113. (DOI: 10.1029/2007JF000830)
  • Sweeney, M., Busacca, A. J., Gaylord, D. R., (2007), Eureka Flat: a long-term dust-production engine of the Palouse loess, Pacific Northwest, USA, Quaternary International/Elsevier, vol. 162-163, pp. 76-96.
  • Etyemezian, V., Nikolich, G., Ahonen, S., Pitchford, M., Sweeney, M., Purcell, R., Gillies, J., Kuhns, H., (2007), The Portable In-Situ Wind Erosion Laboratory (PI-SWERL): A new method to measure PM10 windblown dust properties and potential for emissions, Atmospheric Environment/Elsevier, vol. 41, pp. 3789-3796.
  • Sweeney, M., McDonald, E., Etyemezian, V., Caldwell, T., Bacon, S., Baker, S., DuBois, D., King, J., (2007), Assessment of potential playa and lake analogues to the Salton Sea in support of the Programmatic Environmental Impact Report, Desert Research Institute, p. 60.
  • Etyemezian, V., Sweeney, M., McDonald, E., Caldwell, T., Gillies, J., Nikolich, G., Xu, J., (2006), Measurement of windblown dust emission potential and soil characteristics at the Salton Sea in support of the Programmatic Environmental Impact Report: Final Report., Desert Research Institute, p. 177.
Awards and Honors:
  • Gladys W. Cole Memorial Research Award, Geological Society of America, 2009
Presentations:
  • Gaylord, D., Sweeney, M., Foit, F., McDonald, E., Busacca, A. (2014, October). Overview of the geomorphic, sedimentary, stratigraphic and paleoclimatic history of sand-dominated Quaternary eolian deposits on the Columbia Plateau, WA. Presented at the Geological Society of America Annual Meeting, Vancouver, BC, Canada.
  • King, G., Pearce, N., Roberts, H., Gaylord, D., Sweeney, M., Smith, V. (2014, October). Re-evaluating the tephrochronology of the Palouse loess, Washington State, using single-shard major- and trace-element analyses. Presented at the Geological Society of America Annual Meeting, Vancouver, BC, Canada.
  • Roberts, H., King, G., Pearce, N., Sweeney, M., Gaylord, D., Busacca, A. (2014, October). Reconciling the luminescence- and tephro-chronologies of the Palouse loess, Washington State, USA. Presented at the Geological Society of America Annual Meeting, Vancouver, BC, Canada.
  • Sweeney, M., Lu, H., Cui, M., Mason, J., Feng, H., Xu, Z. (2014, October). Sand dunes as potential sources of dust in northern China. Presented at the Geological Society of America Annual Meeting, Vancouver, BC, Canada.
  • Lechler, A., Huntington, K., Breecker, D., Sweeney, M., Schauer, A. (2014, October). Systematic variability in clumped isotope temperatures of loess carbonates during late Pleistocene climate change, Palouse loess, USA. Presented at the Geological Society of America Annual Meeting, Vancouver, BC, Canada.
  • Sweeney, M., McDonald, E., Gaylord, D., Roberts, H., Busacca, A. (2014, October). The roles of sediment supply, sediment availability, and wind in driving the loess engine of the Palouse, Pacific Northwest. Presented at the Geological Society of America Annual Meeting, Vancouver, BC, Canada.
  • Mason, J., Sweeney, M., Hanson, P. (2014, September). Wind-aligned landforms in thick loess of the central USA: Mechanisms of formation and paleoenvironmental significance. Presented at the International Conference on Loess Research, Warsaw, Poland.
  • Cui, M., Lu, H., Sweeney, M., Mason, J., Feng, H., Xu, Z. (2014, July). Dust fluxes in northern desert of China measured by PI-SWERL. Presented at the Eighth International Conference on Aeolian Research, Lanzhou, China.
  • Huntington, K., Lechler, A., Hoke, G., Burgener, L., Breecker, D., Sweeney, M. (2014, June). Clumped isotope paleothermometry in soil carbonate. Presented at the Goldschmidt Conference, Sacramento, CA.
  • Sweeney, M., Cowman, T., Campbell, M., Dixon, M., Geary, N., Boever, C. (2014, April). Historical and predicted future sediment accumulation in the Niobrara River delta and Lewis and Clark Lake headwaters. Presented at the Geological Society of America North-Central Section Meeting, Lincoln, NE.
  • Herrig, K., Wetzel, R., Sweeney, M., Cowman, T. (2014, April). Influence of suspended load on the dust emission potential of Missouri River sand bars. Presented at the Geological Society of America North-Central Section Meeting, Lincoln, NE.
  • King, G., Roberts, H., Pearce, N., Gaylord, D., Sweeney, M., Duller, G., Smith, V. (2013, December). Re-evaluating the tephrochronology of the Palouse Loess, Washington State, using optically stimulated luminescence dating and single-shard major- and trace-element analyses. Presented at the American Geophysical Union.
  • Cowman, T., Sweeney, M., Dixon, M., Campbell, M., Geary, N., Boever, C. (2013, October). Historical and predicted future sediment accumulation in the Niobrara River Delta and Lewis and Clark Lake headwaters. Presented at the Eastern South Dakota Water Conference.
  • Wetzel, R., Sweeney, M., Cowman, T. (2013, October). Contributions of suspended load to the Missouri River downstream of Gavins Point Dam, Yankton, South Dakota. Presented at the Geological Society of America.
  • Herrig, K., Sweeney, M. (2013, October). Dust emission potential of Missouri River sand bars deposited by the 2011 flood. Presented at the Geological Society of America.
  • Chabela, L., Sweeney, M., McDonald, E. (2013, October). Evidence for dune damming and lake formation along the eastern margin of the Kelso Dunes, Mojave Desert, USA. Presented at the Geological Society of America.
  • Pearce, N., King, G., Roberts, H., Smith, V., Gaylord, D., Sweeney, M. (2013, July). Tephrochronology of the Palouse Loess, Washington State, USA: reconciling luminescence dates with proximal and distal volcanic records from the Cascades. Presented at the Canadian Quaternary Association (CANQUA).
  • Sweeney, M., Cowman, T., Campbell, M., Dixon, M., Boever, C., Geary, N. (2013, April). Historical and future visualization of the Lewis and Clark Lake delta. Presented at the Missouri River Institute Symposium, Vermillion, SD.
  • Mason, J., Hanson, P., Sweeney, M., Loope, H., Xiaodong, M. (2012, December). Aeolian morphodynamics of loess landscapes. Presented at the American Geophysical Union, San Francisco.
  • Sweeney, M., Zlotnik, V., Joeckel, R., Gates, J., Stout, J. (2012, November). Preliminary results of dust emission data from Yellow Lake playa, West Texas, USA. Presented at the Geological Society of America, Charlotte, NC.
  • Sweeney, M. (2012, May). Eureka Flat: Engine of the Palouse Loess. Presented at the Loess Conference and field trip.
  • Biesecker, Shmagin, 10 others, Sweeney, M. (2012, April). Uncertainty of Hydrologic Events under South Dakota’s Changing Conditions: Research Plan. Presented at the South Dakota Academy of Sciences, Vermillion, SD.
  • Sweeney, M., Mason, J., Hanson, P. (2011, October). Formation of large linear troughs and streamlined ridges by direct deflation of Peoria Loess, Nebraska, USA. Presented at the Geological Society of America Annual Meeting, Minneapolis, MN.
  • Bacon, S., McDonald, E., Sweeney, M., Amit, R., Enzel, Y., Courvi, O. (2011, July). Emission of PM10 and total suspended particulate matter from desert landforms across the southwestern U.S. and Israel: Implications for near-surface and atmospheric dust loading models.. Presented at the International Quaternary Assoc (INQUA) XVIII, Bern, Switzerland.
  • Mason, J., Sweeney, M., Hanson, P. (2011, April). Evidence for eolian remobilization of loess in the central Great Plains, USA, and implications for paleoclimatic interpretation of the loess record. Presented at the European Geophysical Union, Vienna, Austria.
  • McDonald, E., Sweeney, M. (2010, October). Extensive eolian activity during OIS 4-3 as recorded by paleoflood evidence and regional sedimentation patterns of loess on the Columbia Plateau, Washington State. Presented at the Geological Society of America Annual Meeting, Denver, CO.
  • Sweeney, M., McDonald, E., Hanson, P., Young, A. (2010, October). Using luminescence dating to deciper the timing and origin of eolian Av horizons, southwest US. Presented at the Geological Society of America Annual Meeting, Denver, CO.
  • Irvine, Z., Sweeney, M., Mason, J. (2010, October). Using the PI-SWERL to evaluate sources of loess in Nebraska. Presented at the Geological Society of America Annual Meeting, Denver, CO.
  • Rathbun, K., Sweeney, M. (2010, April). Source and paleoclimatic significance of loess in southeast South Dakota. Presented at the Geological Society of America Rocky Mountain Section Meeting, Rapid City, SD.
  • Sweeney, M., Erickson, E., Cowman, T. (2010, March). The challenge of identifying sediment sources in superimposed fluvial channels: the Missouri and James rivers, South Dakota. Presented at the MRNRC Conference and BiOp Forum, Nebraska City, NE.
  • King, J., Etyemezian, V., Sweeney, M., Buck, B. (2009, December). Dust emission variability at the Salton Sea, California. Presented at the American Geophysical Union Annual Meeting, San Francisco, CA.
  • Caldwell, T., Sweeney, M., Bacon, S., McDonald, E. (2009, December). Hydraulic gradient and dust emissivity along a playa to distal fan transect. Presented at the American Geophysical Union Annual Meeting, San Francisco, CA.
  • Roberts, H., Gaylord, D., Foit, F., Sweeney, M., Busacca, A. (2009, December). Shedding new light on the age of the Palouse Loess, southeastern Washington, using optically stimulated luminescence dating of quartz. Presented at the American Geophysical Union Annual Meeting, San Francisco, CA.
  • Erickson, E., Sweeney, M., Cowman, T. (2009). Differentiating Missouri and James river sediments in South Dakota using grain size and geochemical methods. Presented at the Geological Society of America Annual Meeting, Portland, OR.
  • Lundstrom, S., Cowman, T., Holbrook, J., Paces, J., Hanson, P., Dillon, J., Sweeney, M., Jacobson, R., B, H., J, A. (2009). Geological mapping and research along the Missouri National Recreational River, Nebraska and South Dakota: Integration of results and significance to hydrogeologic and ecologic issues. Presented at the Geological Society of America Annual Meeting, Portland, OR.
  • Sweeney, M., McDonald, E., Etyemezian, V. (2009). Quantification of dust emissions from desert landforms, using the PI-SWERL, southern California. Presented at the Geological Society of America Annual Meeting, Portland, OR.
  • Markley, C., Sweeney, M., McDonald, E. (2008, October). Compositional variability of dust-producing landforms in the Mojave Desert of southern California. Presented at the Geological Society of America Annual Meeting, Houston, TX.
  • Sweeney, M., Gaylord, D., Busacca, A. (2008, October). Using soils, tephras, and luminescence to reveal the Holocene record of loess in the Pacific Northwest. Presented at the Geological Society of America Annual Meeting, Houston, TX.
  • Sweeney, M. (2008, February).
  • Etyemezian, V., Sweeney, M., Nickling, W., Gillies, J., McDonald, E. (2006, December). Seasonal dust emissions measured from shorelines at the Salton Sea, southern California. Presented at the American Geophysical Union Annual Meeting, San Francisco, CA.
  • Sweeney, M., Gaylord, D., Busacca, A., Richardson, C., Reyerson, P., Blinnikov, M. (2006). A new luminescence chronology and paleoecologic history of Holocene loess, Pacific Northwest, USA. Presented at the Geological Society of America Annual Meeting, Philadelphia, PA.
  • Gillies, J., Etyemezian, V., Sweeney, M., Nickling, W., King, J. (2006, September). Factors Controlling the Spatial and Temporal Variability of Dust Emissions. Presented at the 7th International Symposium on Environmental Geochemistry, Beijing, China.