College of Arts & Sciences English

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Shakespeare Garden Plants

The following plants are in USD's Shakespeare Garden, and the quotes that follow are from Shakespeare's works that reference each.

Aconitum Napellus - Monkshood 

"...the united vessel of their blood...Shall never leak,
though it do work as strong as aconium or rash gunpowder."
I Henry IV; IV, iv, 44 ff 

 
Allium - Leeks

"If you can mock a leek, you can eat a leek."
Henry V; V, I, 37

"And, most dear actors, eat no onion nor garlic,
for we are to utter sweet breath."
A Midsummer Night's Dream; IV, ii, 42 f 

 
Anemone Canadensis

"Thy promises are like Adonis' garden..."
I Henry VI; I, vi, 6

 
Anemone patens (Pulsatilla) - Pasque flower

 "Thy promises are like Adonis' garden..."
I Henry VI; I, vi, 6

 
Anthemis noblis - Chamomile

"...the camomile, the more it is trodden on, the faster it grows..."
I Henry IV; II, iv, 400 

 

Aquilegia caerulea "Crimson Star" - Columbine
Aquilegia chrysantha - Columbine
Aquilegia Flabellata "Mini Star" - Columbine
Aquilegia "Mckana" Hybrids - Columbine
Aquilegia plena "Nora Barlow" - Columbine
Aquilegia Flabellata "Alba" - Columbine

"There's fennel for you, and columbine."
Hamlet; IV, v, 180 

 
Artemisia abrotanum - Southernwood or Old Man
Artemisia Absinthium - Wormwood

"Thy sugared tongue to bitter wormwood taste."
The Rape of Lucrece, 893

 
Artemisia Dracunculus - Terragon
Artemisia Schmidtiana "Silver Mound" - Silver Mound
Artemisia Stellerana - Old Woman
Aster alpinus - Aster
Bellis perennis "Super Enorma" - English Daisy
Chrysanthemum Maximum "Alaska" - Shasta Daisy 
Chrysanthemum Maximum "Silver Princess" - Shasta Daisy
 

"When daises pied, and violets blue, and lady-smocks all silver white, and cuckoo-buds of yellow hue do paint the meadows with delight..."
Love's Labors Lost; V, ii, 894 ff

 

Calendula - English Marigold
Delphinium G.P. "Astolat"
Delphinium G.P. "Bluebird"
Delphinium G.P. "Galahad"
Delphinium G.P. "Guinevire"
Delphinium Grandiflorum "Butterfly"

"Oxlips in their cradles growing,
marigolds on their death-beds blowing larks'-heels trim..."
The Two Noble Kinsmen; I, I, 10 ff

 
Primula-veris - Primrose  

"In a cowslip's bell I lie."
The Tempest; V, I, 89

 
Carum Carvi - Caraway  

"You shall see my orchard, where, in an arbor,
we will eat...a dish of caraway."
II Henry IV; V, iii, 1 ff

 
Daucus carota - carrot
Dianthus "Prairie Pink"

"...the fairest flow'rs o' th' season are carnations and streak'd gillyvors."
The Winter's Tale; IV, iv, 81 f

 
Dianthus "Aqua"
Dianthus caryophyllus "Genadine Pink" - Hardy Carnation
Dianthus "Frost Fire" - Pinks 
Dianthus "Rainbow Loveliness" 
Dianthus plumarius "Pink Princess" 
Dianthus "Rose Dawn" 
Dianthus arenarius 
Dianthus "Spotty" - Pinks

"I am very pink of courtesy."
Romeo and Juliet; II, iv, 58

 
Digitalis - Foxgloves
Echinops - Globe Thistle

"There thou prick'st her with a thistle."
Much Ado About Nothing; III, 4. 76

 
Eryngium - Sea Holly

"Let the sky rain potatoes; let it thunder to the tune of 'Greensleves'; hail kissing-comfits and snow eringoes."
The Merry Wives of Windsor; V, v, 18 f

 
Fern - Adiantum pedatum - Maidenhair Fern 
Fern - Polystichum tsus-simene, "Korean Rock Fern" 
Fern - Athyrium Otophorum - English Painted Fern 
Fern - Athyrium "Pictum" - Japanese Painted Fern 
Fern - Dennstaedtia - Havscented Fern 
Fern - Dryopteris spinulosa - Toothed Wood Fern

"We have the receipt of fern-seed; we walk invisible."
I Henry IV; II, I, 87

 
Fleur - De-Lis pumila - Dwarf Bearded Iris

 "...What's the matter That this distempered messenger of wet, The many-colored Iris, rounds thine eye."
All's Well That Ends Well; I, iiim 150 ff

 
Foeniculum Vulgare - Fennel

"There's fennel for you, and columbine."
Hamlet; IV, v, 180

 
Fragaria vesca "Alpina" - Strawberry

"The strawberry grows underneath the nettle."
Henry V; I, I, 60

 
Hosta (Plantain) "August Moon" 
Hosta Fortunei "Albomarginata" 
Hosta "Aureomarginata" 
Hosta "Honey Bells"
Hosta "Nakaiana"
Hosta Sieboldiana "Elegans"
Lactuca sativa - Lettus

"...If we plant nettles or sow lettuce...why, the power and corrigible of this lies our wills..."
Othello; I, iii, 321 ff

 
Lavandula angustifolia "Hidcote Blue" - Lavender

"...Here's flowers for you: Hot lavender, mints, savory, and marjoram."
The Winter's Tale; IV, iv, 103 f

 
Lilium - Lily

"To gild refined gold, to paint the lily...
Is wasteful and ridiculous excess."
King John; IV, iv, 11 f

 

Lunaria - Money Plant
Lychnis alpina
Lychnis chalcedonica - Maltese Cross

 "Therewith fantastic garlands did she me of
crow-flowers, nettles, daisies, and long purples."
Hamlet; IV, vii, 168 f

 
Malva Alcea "Fastigiata" - Mallow

 "He'd sow't with nettle-seed, or docks or mallows."
The Tempest; II, I, 145 f

 
Mentha Pulegium - Pennyroyal mint

"Here's flowers for you: Hot lavender, mints, savory, and marjoram."
The Winter's Tale; IV, iv, 103 f

 
Mentha Piperrita - Peppermint 
Mentha Spicata - Spearmint
Monarda - Beebalm
Paeonia - Peony
Paeonia "Sarah Bernhardt" - Peony
Papaver orientale - Oriental Poppy

 "...Not poppy, nor mandragora, nor all the drowsy syrups of the world shall ever medicine thee to that sweet sleep thou ow'dest yesterday."
Othello; III, iii, 330 ff

 
Petroselinum crispum - Parsley

  "I know a wench married in an afternoon as she went
to the garden for parsley to stuff a rabbit."
The Taming of the Shrew; IV, iv, 99 ff

 
Poterium - Burnet

 "The even mead that erst brought sweetly forth
the freckled cowslip, burnet, and green clover..."
Henry V; V, ii, 48 f

 
Primula vulgaris - English Primrose

 "While, like a puff'd and reckless libertine,
himself the primrose path of dalliance treads."
Hamlet; I, iii, 49 f

 
Prunus "North Star" - Cherry Tree

 "...So we grew togetherlike to a double cherry."
A Midsummer Night's Dream; III, ii, 208 f

 
Ranunculus repens - Buttercup (Cuckoo-Buds)

 "When daises pied, and violets blue, and lady-smocks all silver white,
and cuckoo-buds of yellow hue do paint the meadows with delight..."
Love's Labors Lost; V, ii, 894 ff

 
Rheum - Rhubarb

" What rhubarb, cyme, or purgative drug would scour these English hence?"
Macbeth; V, iii, 55 f

 
Rosmarinus - Rosemary

"There's rosemary, that's for remembrance."
Hamlet; IV, v, 175

 
Ruta graveolens "Blue Mound" - Rue

"There's rue for you, and here's some for me."
Hamlet; IV, v, 181

 
Satureja Montana - Savory

 "...Here's flowers for you: Hot lavender, mints, savory, and marjoram."
The Winter's Tale; IV, iv, 103 f

 
Thalictrum aquilegifolium - Columbine Meadow Rue

 "There's fennel for you, and columbine."
Hamlet; IV, v, 180

 
Thymus vulgaris - English Thyme

"I know a bank where the wild thyme blows."
A Midsummer Night's Dream; II, I, 249

 

Tilia americana - American Linden
Viola blanda - Wild White Violet
Viola cornuta - Violet or pansy

"And there's pansies, that's for thoughts."
Hamlet; IV, v, 176

"I would give you some violets,
but they withered all when my father died."
Hamlet; IV, v, 185

 
Rosa - Hedge Rose

Plantagenet: "Let him that is a true-born gentlemen...
From off this brier pluck a white rose with me."

Somerset: "Let him that is no coward nor no flatterer...
Pluck a red rose from off this thorn with me."
I Henry VI; II, iv, 27 ff

 
Lonicera Sulphurea - Climbing Honeysuckle

"So doth the woodbine the sweet honeysuckle gently entwine."
A Midsummer Night's Dream; IV, I, 42

 
Vitus - Wild Grape

  "Three pounds of sugar, five pounds of currants, rice -
what will this sister of mine do with rice?"
The Winter's Tale; IV, iii, 337 f

 

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