Sanford School of Medicine Basic Biomedical Sciences

Robert Morecraft, Ph.D.

Robert Morecraft
Professor
Basic Biomedical Sciences, School of Medicine
UMS Lee Med/Sanford School of Medicine 245
Phone: 605-677-5138
Education:
  • BS, Physical Education, College of New Jersey ,
  • MA, Exercise Science, University of Iowa,
  • Ph D, Anatomy and Exercise Science, University of Iowa,
  • Research Fellow Harvard Medical School,
Publications:
  • Morecraft, R., Ge, J., Stilwell-Morecraft, K., McNeal, D., Hynes, S., Pizzimenti, M., Rotella, D., Darling, W., (2015), Vulnerability of the Medial Frontal Corticospinal Projection Accompanies Combined Lateral Frontal and Parietal Cortex Injury in Rhesus Monkey, Journal of Comparative Neurology, vol. 523, pp. 669-697.
  • Morecraft, R., Ugolini, G., Lanciego, J. L., Wouterlood, F. G., Pandya, D. N., (2014), Classic and Contemporary Neural Tract Tracing Techniques, Elsevier, pp. 359-399.
  • Morecraft, R., Stillwell-Morecraft, K. S., Solon-Cline, K. M., Ge, J., Darling, W. G., (2014), Cortical Innervation of the Hypoglossal Nucleus in the Non-Human Primate (Macaca mulatta), Journal of Comparative Neurology, vol. 522, pp. 3456-3484.
  • Darling, W. G., Morecraft, R., Rotella, D. L., Pizzimenti, M. A., Ge, J., Stilwell-Morecraft, K. S., Zhang, H., Soliman, H., Seecharan, D., Edwards, I., McNeal, D., Nudo, R. J., Cheney, P. D., (2014), Recovery of Precision Grasping after Motor Cortex Lesion does not require Forced use of the Impaired Hand in Macaca Mulatta., Experimental Brain Research, p. in press.
  • Darling, W. G., Helle, N., Pizzimenti, M. A., Rotella, D. L., Hynes, S. M., Ge, J., Stilwell-Morecraft, K. S., Morecraft, R., (2013), Laterality affects Spontaneous Recovery of Contralateral Hand Motor Function following Motor Cortex Injury in Rhesus Monkeys, Experimental Brain Research, vol. 228, pp. 9-24.
  • Morecraft, R., Ge, J., Stilwell-Morecraft, K. S., McNeal, D. W., Pizzimenti, M. A., Darling, W. G., (2013), Terminal Distribution of the Corticospinal Projection from the Hand/Arm Area of the Primary Motor Cortex to the Cervical Enlargement in Rhesus Monkey, Journal of Comparative Neurology, vol. 521, pp. 4205-4235.
  • Morecraft, R., Stilwell-Morecraft, K. S., Cipolloni, P. B., Ge, J., McNeal, D. W., Pandya, D. N., (2012), Cytoarchitecture and Cortical Connections of the Anterior Cingulate and adjacent Somatomotor Fields in the Rhesus Monkey, Brain Research Bulletin, vol. 87, pp. 457-497.
  • Darling, W. G., Pizzimenti, M. A., Morecraft, R., (2011), Recovery of Function following Motor Cortex Lesions in Non-Human Primates : Experimental Implications for Human Stroke Patients, Journal of Integrative Neuroscience, vol. 10, pp. 353-384.
  • Darling, W. G., Pizzimenti, M. A., Hynes, S. M., Headley, G., Rotella, D. L., Ge, J., Stilwell-Morecraft, K. S., Morecraft, R., (2011), Volumetric Effects of Frontal Motor Cortex Injury on Recovery of Ipsilesional Dextrous Movements, Experimental Neurology, vol. 231, pp. 56-71.
  • Qui, M., Darling, W. G., Morecraft, R., Ni, C. C., Butler, A. J., (2011), White Matter Integrity but not BOLD Response Predicts Motor Function in Stroke Patients, Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair, vol. 25, pp. 275-284.
  • Nagamoto-Combs, K., Morecraft, R., Darling, W. G., Combs, C. K., (2010), Long Term Gliosis and Molecular Changes in the Cervical Spinal Cord of the Rhesus Monkey after Traumatic Brain Injury, Journal of Neurotrauma, vol. 27, pp. 565-585.
  • Darling, W. G., Pizzimenti, M. A., Rotella, D. L., Hynes, S. M., Ge, J., Stiwell-Morecraft, K. S., Vanadurongvan, T., , M., Solon-Cline, K. M., Morecraft, R., (2010), Minimal Forced Use without Constraint Stimulates Spontaneous Use of the Impaired Upper Extremity following Motor Cortex Injury, Experimental Brain Research, vol. 202, pp. 529-542.
  • McNeal, D. W., Darling, W. G., Ge, J., Stilwell-Morecraft, K. S., Pizzimenti, M. A., Rotella, D. L., Peterson, C. R., Morecraft, R., (2010), Selective Long-term Reorganization of the Corticospinal Projection from the Supplementary Motor Cortex following Recovery from Lateral Motor Cortex Injury, Journal of Comparative Neurology, vol. 518, pp. 586-621.
  • Vogt, B. A., Morecraft, R., (2009), Cingulate Gyrus, In: Squire LR (Ed), The New Encyclopedia of Neuroscience, Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp. 722-725.
  • Morecraft, R., Tanji, J., (2009), Cingulofrontal Interactions and Cingulate Skeletomotor Areas, In: Vogt BA (Ed), Cingulate Nerurobiology and Disease, Oxford University Press, Oxford , pp. 113-144.
  • Morecraft, R., Ugollini, G., Lanciego, J. L., Wouterlood, F. G., Pandya, D. N., (2009), Classic and Contemporary Neural Tract Tracing Techniques, In: Johansen-Berg H, Behrens TEJ (Eds), Diffusion MRI: From Quantitative Measurement to In Vivo Neuroanatomy, Elsevier, New York, pp. 273-308.
  • Darling, W. G., Pizzimenti, M. A., Rotella, D., Peterson, C. R., Ge, J., McNeal, D. W., Stilwell-Morecraft, K. S., Morecraft, R., (2009), Volumetric Effects of Frontal Motor Cortex Injury on Recovery of Dexterous Movements, Experimental Neurology, vol. 220, pp. 90-108.
  • McNeal, D. W., Ge, J., Herrick, J. L., Stilwell-Morecraft, K. S., Morecraft, R., (2008), Characterization of Some Morphological Parameters of Orbicularis Oculi Motor Neurons in Monkey, Neuroscience, vol. 151, pp. 12-27.
  • Buckwalter, J. A., Parvizi, J., Morecraft, R., Van Hoesen, G. W., (2008), Thalamic Projections to the Posteromedial Cortex in the Macaque, Journal of Comparative Neurology, vol. 507, pp. 1709-1733.
  • Morecraft, R., McNeal, D. W., Stilwell-Morecraft, K. S., Gedney, M., Schroeder, C. M., Van Hoesen, G. W., (2007), Amygdala Interconnections with the Cingulate Motor Cortex in the Rhesus Monkey, Journal of Comparative Neurology, vol. 500, pp. 134-165.
  • Morecraft, R., McNeal, D. W., Stilwell-Morecraft, K. S., Dvavajscak, Z., Ge, J., Schnieder, P., (2007), Localization of Arm Representation in the Cerebral Peduncle of the Non-Human Primate, Journal of Comparative Neurology, vol. 504, pp. 149-167.
  • Pizzimenti, M. A., Darling, W. G., Rotella, D., Herrick, J. L., Ge, J., McNeal, D. W., Stilwell-Morecraft, K. S., Morecraft, R., (2007), Measurement of Reaching Kinematics and Prehensile Dexterity in Non-Human Primates, Journal of Neurophysiology, vol. 98, pp. 1015-1029.
  • Nagamoto-Combs, K., McNeal, D. W., Morecraft, R., Combs, C. K., (2007), Prolonged Microgliosis in the Rhesus Monkey Central Nervous System after Traumatic Brain Injury, Journal of Neurotrauma, vol. 24, pp. 1719-1742.
  • Darling, W. G., Peterson, C. R., Herrick, J. L., McNeal, D. W., Stilwell-Morecraft, K. S., Morecraft, R., (2006), Measurement of Coordination of Object Manipulation in Non-Human Primates, Journal of Neuroscience Methods, vol. 154, pp. 38-44.
  • Heckers, S., Weiss, A. P., Deckersbach, T., Goff, D. C., Morecraft, R., Bush, G., (2004), Anterior Cingulate Activation during Cognitive Intereference in Schizophrenia, Americal Journal of Psychiatry, vol. 161, pp. 707-715.
  • Morecraft, R., Cipolloni, P. B., Stilwell-Morecraft, K. S., Gedney, M., Pandya, D. N., (2004), Cytoarchitecture and Cortical Connections of the Posterior Cingulate and adjacent Somatosensory Fields in the Rhesus Monkey, Journal of Comparative Neurology, vol. 469, pp. 37-69.
  • Morecraft, R., Stilwell-Morecraft, K. S., Rossing, W. R., (2004), The Motor Cortex and Facial Expression: New Insights from Neuroscience, The Neurologist, vol. 10, pp. 235-249.
  • Okun, M. S., Bowers, D., Springer, U., Shapira, N. A., Malone, D., Rezai, A. R., Nuttin, B., Heilman, K. M., Morecraft, R., Rasmussen, S. A., Greenberg, B. D., Foote, K. D., Goodman, W. K., (2004), Whats in a Smile? Intra-operative Observations of Contralateral Smiles Induced by Deep Brain Stimulation, Neurocase, vol. 10, pp. 271-279.
  • Morecraft, R., Van Hoesen, G. W., (2003), Functional Neuroanatomy of Limbic Structures and Some Relationships with Prefrontal Cortex, In: Schiffer RD, Rao SM, Fogel BS (Eds), Neuropsychiatry, 2nd Edition, Lippincott, Williams and Wilkins, Philadelphia, pp. 294-327.
  • Ding, S. L., Morecraft, R., Van Hoesen, G. W., (2003), The Topography, Cytoarchitecture and Cellular Phenotypes of Cortical Areas forming the Cingulo-Parahippocampal Isthmus and Adjoining Retrocalcarine Areas in the Monkey, Journal of Compartive Neurology, vol. 456, pp. 184-201.
  • Morecraft, R., Herrick, J., Stilwell-Morecraft, K. S., Louie, J., (2002), Localization of Arm Representation in the Corona Radiata and Internal Capsule in the Non-Human Primate Brain, Brain, vol. 125, pp. 176-198.
  • Morecraft, R., Yeterian, E. H., (2002), Prefrontal Cortex, In: Ramachandran VS (Ed), Encyclopedia of the Human Brain, Vol. 4, Academic Press, San Diego, pp. 11-26.
  • Morecraft, R., Louie, J. L., Herrick, J. L., Stilwell-Morecraft, K. S., (2001), Cortical Innervation of the Facial Nucleus in the Non-Human Primate: A New Interpretation of the Effects of Stroke and Related Subtotal Brain Trauma on the Muscles of Facial Expression, Brain, vol. 124, pp. 176-208.
  • Morecraft, R., Rockland, K. S., Van Hoesen, G. W., (2000), Localization of Area Prostriata and its Projection to the Cingulate Motor Cortex in the Rhesus Monkey, Cerebral Cortex, vol. 10, pp. 192-203.
Awards and Honors:
  • Presidents Award for Research Excellence, Established Faculty, University of South Dakota Presidents Office, 2009
  • Presidents Award for Scientific Poster Presentation, Americal Society of Biomechanics, 2004
  • Department of Physical Therapy Contributor of the Year Award, University of South Dakota Physical Therapy Department, 2001
  • South Dakota Board of Reagents Award for Excellence in Research, 1998
  • Chester B. McVay Award for Excellence in Teaching and Research, University of South Dakota School of Medicine, 1994
Presentations:
  • Morecraft, R. (2014, November). Recovery of Ipsilesional Dexterous Movements after Fronto-parietal Lesions in Macaca mulatta. Society for Neuroscience, Washington D.C., 162.14, 2014.. Presented at the Society for Neuroscoence, Washington DC.
  • Morecraft, R. (2014, October). 71) Soliman H, Seecharan D, Zhang H, Edwards I, McNeal DW, Morecraft RJ, Darling WG, Ge J, Stilwell-Morecraft KS, Nudo RJ, Nazzaro J, Arnold P, Cheney P. Recovery of Forelimb Motor Function following Complete Lesions of Rostral Motor Cortex in Macaque Monkeys.. Presented at the Congress of Neurological Surgeons.
  • Morecraft, R. (2014, October). Recovery of Forelimb Motor Function following Complete Lesions of Rostral Motor Cortex in Macaque Monkeys. Presented at the Recovery of Forelimb Motor Function following Complete Lesions of Rostral Motor Cortex in Macaque Monkeys. Congress of Neurological Surgeons, Boston.
  • Darling, W. G., Rotella, D., Nicol, J., Pizzimenti, M. A., Ge, J., Stilwell-Morecraft, K. S., Morecraft, R. (2011). Recovery of Precision Grip and Manipulation following Motor and Sensorimotor Lesions in Macaca Mulatta. Presented at the Society for Neuroscience Annual Meeting, Washington DC.
  • Darling, W. G., Hynes, S., Pizzimenti, M. A., Rotella, D., Ge, J., Stilwell-Morecraft, K. S., Morecraft, R. (2010). Hand Preference influences Accquisition of a Novel Fine Motor Task in Rhesus Monkeys. Presented at the Society for Neuroscience Annual Meeting, San Diego.
  • Osborn, R., Morecraft, R. (2010, June). Gross and Clinical Anatomy Review Workshop of the Cervical Spine and Upper Extremities with a Neuroanatomical Workshop. Presented at the 18th Annual Harry E. Settles Anatomy Review Workshop, Vermillion, SD: Lee Medicine, Rooms L15 and 106.
  • Morecraft, R. (2009). Learning and Post-lesion Recovery of Bimanual Skill in Macaca Mulatta. Presented at the Society for Neuroscience Annual Meeting, Chicago, Illinois.
  • Morecraft, R. (2009). Recovery of Ipsilesional Hand Fine Motor Function following Motor Cortex Lesions in Rhesus Monkeys. Presented at the Society for Neuroscience Annual Meeting, Chicago, Illinois.
  • Morecraft, R. (2009, November). Subcortical Organization of Motor Pathways to Brainstem Motor Nuclei and the Spinal Cor. Presented at the Second Congress of the International Society of Intraoperative Neurophysiology, Dubrovnik, Croatia.
  • Morecraft, R. (2009, July). Section on Advanced Head and Neck Anatomy for Resident Surgeons. Presented at the Annual Clinical and Basic Science Course in Otolaryngology, Iowa City, IA.
  • Morecraft, R. (2009, January). Presented at the Forty Second Annual Winter Conference on Brain Research, Copper Mountain, Colorado.