Sanford School of Medicine Basic Biomedical Sciences

Robert Morecraft, Ph.D.

Robert Morecraft
Professor
Basic Biomedical Sciences, School of Medicine
UMS Lee Med/Sanford School of Medicine 245
Phone: 605-677-5138
Education:
  • BS, Physical Education, College of New Jersey ,
  • MA, Exercise Science, University of Iowa,
  • Ph D, Anatomy and Exercise Science, University of Iowa,
  • Research Fellow Harvard Medical School,
Publications:
  • Morecraft, R., Ge, J., Stilwell-Morecraft, K., McNeal, D., Hynes, S., Pizzimenti, M., Rotella, D., Darling, W., (2015), Vulnerability of the Medial Frontal Corticospinal Projection Accompanies Combined Lateral Frontal and Parietal Cortex Injury in Rhesus Monkey, Journal of Comparative Neurology, p. in press.
  • Morecraft, R., Ugolini, G., Lanciego, J. L., Wouterlood, F. G., Pandya, D. N., (2014), Classic and Contemporary Neural Tract Tracing Techniques, Elsevier, iss. 2nd, pp. 359-399.
  • Morecraft, R., Stillwell-Morecraft, K. S., Solon-Cline, K. M., Ge, J., Darling, W. G., (2014), Cortical Innervation of the Hypoglossal Nucleus in the Non-Human Primate (Macaca mulatta), Journal of Comparative Neurology, vol. 522, pp. 3456-3484.
  • Darling, W. G., Morecraft, R., Rotella, D. L., Pizzimenti, M. A., Ge, J., Stilwell-Morecraft, K. S., Zhang, H., Soliman, H., Seecharan, D., Edwards, I., McNeal, D., Nudo, R. J., Cheney, P. D., (2014), Recovery of Precision Grasping after Motor Cortex Lesion does not require Forced use of the Impaired Hand in Macaca Mulatta., Experimental Brain Research, p. in press.
  • Darling, W. G., Helle, N., Pizzimenti, M. A., Rotella, D. L., Hynes, S. M., Ge, J., Stilwell-Morecraft, K. S., Morecraft, R., (2013), Laterality affects Spontaneous Recovery of Contralateral Hand Motor Function following Motor Cortex Injury in Rhesus Monkeys, Experimental Brain Research, vol. 228, pp. 9-24.
  • Morecraft, R., Ge, J., Stilwell-Morecraft, K. S., McNeal, D. W., Pizzimenti, M. A., Darling, W. G., (2013), Terminal Distribution of the Corticospinal Projection from the Hand/Arm Area of the Primary Motor Cortex to the Cervical Enlargement in Rhesus Monkey, Journal of Comparative Neurology, vol. 521, pp. 4205-4235.
  • Morecraft, R., Stilwell-Morecraft, K. S., Cipolloni, P. B., Ge, J., McNeal, D. W., Pandya, D. N., (2012), Cytoarchitecture and Cortical Connections of the Anterior Cingulate and adjacent Somatomotor Fields in the Rhesus Monkey, Brain Research Bulletin, vol. 87, pp. 457-497.
  • Darling, W. G., Pizzimenti, M. A., Morecraft, R., (2011), Recovery of Function following Motor Cortex Lesions in Non-Human Primates : Experimental Implications for Human Stroke Patients, Journal of Integrative Neuroscience, vol. 10, pp. 353-384.
  • Darling, W. G., Pizzimenti, M. A., Hynes, S. M., Headley, G., Rotella, D. L., Ge, J., Stilwell-Morecraft, K. S., Morecraft, R., (2011), Volumetric Effects of Frontal Motor Cortex Injury on Recovery of Ipsilesional Dextrous Movements, Experimental Neurology, vol. 231, pp. 56-71.
  • Qui, M., Darling, W. G., Morecraft, R., Ni, C. C., Butler, A. J., (2011), White Matter Integrity but not BOLD Response Predicts Motor Function in Stroke Patients, Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair, vol. 25, pp. 275-284.
  • Nagamoto-Combs, K., Morecraft, R., Darling, W. G., Combs, C. K., (2010), Long Term Gliosis and Molecular Changes in the Cervical Spinal Cord of the Rhesus Monkey after Traumatic Brain Injury, Journal of Neurotrauma, vol. 27, pp. 565-585.
  • Darling, W. G., Pizzimenti, M. A., Rotella, D. L., Hynes, S. M., Ge, J., Stiwell-Morecraft, K. S., Vanadurongvan, T., , M., Solon-Cline, K. M., Morecraft, R., (2010), Minimal Forced Use without Constraint Stimulates Spontaneous Use of the Impaired Upper Extremity following Motor Cortex Injury, Experimental Brain Research, vol. 202, pp. 529-542.
  • McNeal, D. W., Darling, W. G., Ge, J., Stilwell-Morecraft, K. S., Pizzimenti, M. A., Rotella, D. L., Peterson, C. R., Morecraft, R., (2010), Selective Long-term Reorganization of the Corticospinal Projection from the Supplementary Motor Cortex following Recovery from Lateral Motor Cortex Injury, Journal of Comparative Neurology, vol. 518, pp. 586-621.
  • Vogt, B. A., Morecraft, R., (2009), Cingulate Gyrus, In: Squire LR (Ed), The New Encyclopedia of Neuroscience, Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp. 722-725.
  • Morecraft, R., Tanji, J., (2009), Cingulofrontal Interactions and Cingulate Skeletomotor Areas, In: Vogt BA (Ed), Cingulate Nerurobiology and Disease, Oxford University Press, Oxford , pp. 113-144.
  • Morecraft, R., Ugollini, G., Lanciego, J. L., Wouterlood, F. G., Pandya, D. N., (2009), Classic and Contemporary Neural Tract Tracing Techniques, In: Johansen-Berg H, Behrens TEJ (Eds), Diffusion MRI: From Quantitative Measurement to In Vivo Neuroanatomy, Elsevier, New York, pp. 273-308.
  • Darling, W. G., Pizzimenti, M. A., Rotella, D., Peterson, C. R., Ge, J., McNeal, D. W., Stilwell-Morecraft, K. S., Morecraft, R., (2009), Volumetric Effects of Frontal Motor Cortex Injury on Recovery of Dexterous Movements, Experimental Neurology, vol. 220, pp. 90-108.
  • McNeal, D. W., Ge, J., Herrick, J. L., Stilwell-Morecraft, K. S., Morecraft, R., (2008), Characterization of Some Morphological Parameters of Orbicularis Oculi Motor Neurons in Monkey, Neuroscience, vol. 151, pp. 12-27.
  • Buckwalter, J. A., Parvizi, J., Morecraft, R., Van Hoesen, G. W., (2008), Thalamic Projections to the Posteromedial Cortex in the Macaque, Journal of Comparative Neurology, vol. 507, pp. 1709-1733.
  • Morecraft, R., McNeal, D. W., Stilwell-Morecraft, K. S., Gedney, M., Schroeder, C. M., Van Hoesen, G. W., (2007), Amygdala Interconnections with the Cingulate Motor Cortex in the Rhesus Monkey, Journal of Comparative Neurology, vol. 500, pp. 134-165.
  • Morecraft, R., McNeal, D. W., Stilwell-Morecraft, K. S., Dvavajscak, Z., Ge, J., Schnieder, P., (2007), Localization of Arm Representation in the Cerebral Peduncle of the Non-Human Primate, Journal of Comparative Neurology, vol. 504, pp. 149-167.
  • Pizzimenti, M. A., Darling, W. G., Rotella, D., Herrick, J. L., Ge, J., McNeal, D. W., Stilwell-Morecraft, K. S., Morecraft, R., (2007), Measurement of Reaching Kinematics and Prehensile Dexterity in Non-Human Primates, Journal of Neurophysiology, vol. 98, pp. 1015-1029.
  • Nagamoto-Combs, K., McNeal, D. W., Morecraft, R., Combs, C. K., (2007), Prolonged Microgliosis in the Rhesus Monkey Central Nervous System after Traumatic Brain Injury, Journal of Neurotrauma, vol. 24, pp. 1719-1742.
  • Darling, W. G., Peterson, C. R., Herrick, J. L., McNeal, D. W., Stilwell-Morecraft, K. S., Morecraft, R., (2006), Measurement of Coordination of Object Manipulation in Non-Human Primates, Journal of Neuroscience Methods, vol. 154, pp. 38-44.
  • Heckers, S., Weiss, A. P., Deckersbach, T., Goff, D. C., Morecraft, R., Bush, G., (2004), Anterior Cingulate Activation during Cognitive Intereference in Schizophrenia, Americal Journal of Psychiatry, vol. 161, pp. 707-715.
  • Morecraft, R., Cipolloni, P. B., Stilwell-Morecraft, K. S., Gedney, M., Pandya, D. N., (2004), Cytoarchitecture and Cortical Connections of the Posterior Cingulate and adjacent Somatosensory Fields in the Rhesus Monkey, Journal of Comparative Neurology, vol. 469, pp. 37-69.
  • Morecraft, R., Stilwell-Morecraft, K. S., Rossing, W. R., (2004), The Motor Cortex and Facial Expression: New Insights from Neuroscience, The Neurologist, vol. 10, pp. 235-249.
  • Okun, M. S., Bowers, D., Springer, U., Shapira, N. A., Malone, D., Rezai, A. R., Nuttin, B., Heilman, K. M., Morecraft, R., Rasmussen, S. A., Greenberg, B. D., Foote, K. D., Goodman, W. K., (2004), Whats in a Smile? Intra-operative Observations of Contralateral Smiles Induced by Deep Brain Stimulation, Neurocase, vol. 10, pp. 271-279.
  • Morecraft, R., Van Hoesen, G. W., (2003), Functional Neuroanatomy of Limbic Structures and Some Relationships with Prefrontal Cortex, In: Schiffer RD, Rao SM, Fogel BS (Eds), Neuropsychiatry, 2nd Edition, Lippincott, Williams and Wilkins, Philadelphia, pp. 294-327.
  • Ding, S. L., Morecraft, R., Van Hoesen, G. W., (2003), The Topography, Cytoarchitecture and Cellular Phenotypes of Cortical Areas forming the Cingulo-Parahippocampal Isthmus and Adjoining Retrocalcarine Areas in the Monkey, Journal of Compartive Neurology, vol. 456, pp. 184-201.
  • Morecraft, R., Herrick, J., Stilwell-Morecraft, K. S., Louie, J., (2002), Localization of Arm Representation in the Corona Radiata and Internal Capsule in the Non-Human Primate Brain, Brain, vol. 125, pp. 176-198.
  • Morecraft, R., Yeterian, E. H., (2002), Prefrontal Cortex, In: Ramachandran VS (Ed), Encyclopedia of the Human Brain, Vol. 4, Academic Press, San Diego, pp. 11-26.
  • Morecraft, R., Louie, J. L., Herrick, J. L., Stilwell-Morecraft, K. S., (2001), Cortical Innervation of the Facial Nucleus in the Non-Human Primate: A New Interpretation of the Effects of Stroke and Related Subtotal Brain Trauma on the Muscles of Facial Expression, Brain, vol. 124, pp. 176-208.
  • Morecraft, R., Rockland, K. S., Van Hoesen, G. W., (2000), Localization of Area Prostriata and its Projection to the Cingulate Motor Cortex in the Rhesus Monkey, Cerebral Cortex, vol. 10, pp. 192-203.
Awards and Honors:
  • Presidents Award for Research Excellence, Established Faculty, University of South Dakota Presidents Office, 2009
  • Presidents Award for Scientific Poster Presentation, Americal Society of Biomechanics, 2004
  • Department of Physical Therapy Contributor of the Year Award, University of South Dakota Physical Therapy Department, 2001
  • South Dakota Board of Reagents Award for Excellence in Research, 1998
  • Chester B. McVay Award for Excellence in Teaching and Research, University of South Dakota School of Medicine, 1994
Presentations:
  • Darling, W. G., Rotella, D., Nicol, J., Pizzimenti, M. A., Ge, J., Stilwell-Morecraft, K. S., Morecraft, R. (2011). Recovery of Precision Grip and Manipulation following Motor and Sensorimotor Lesions in Macaca Mulatta. Presented at the Society for Neuroscience Annual Meeting, Washington DC.
  • Darling, W. G., Hynes, S., Pizzimenti, M. A., Rotella, D., Ge, J., Stilwell-Morecraft, K. S., Morecraft, R. (2010). Hand Preference influences Accquisition of a Novel Fine Motor Task in Rhesus Monkeys. Presented at the Society for Neuroscience Annual Meeting, San Diego.
  • Osborn, R., Morecraft, R. (2010, June). Gross and Clinical Anatomy Review Workshop of the Cervical Spine and Upper Extremities with a Neuroanatomical Workshop. Presented at the 18th Annual Harry E. Settles Anatomy Review Workshop, Vermillion, SD: Lee Medicine, Rooms L15 and 106.
  • Morecraft, R. (2009). Learning and Post-lesion Recovery of Bimanual Skill in Macaca Mulatta. Presented at the Society for Neuroscience Annual Meeting, Chicago, Illinois.
  • Morecraft, R. (2009). Recovery of Ipsilesional Hand Fine Motor Function following Motor Cortex Lesions in Rhesus Monkeys. Presented at the Society for Neuroscience Annual Meeting, Chicago, Illinois.
  • Morecraft, R. (2009, November). Subcortical Organization of Motor Pathways to Brainstem Motor Nuclei and the Spinal Cor. Presented at the Second Congress of the International Society of Intraoperative Neurophysiology, Dubrovnik, Croatia.
  • Morecraft, R. (2009, July). Section on Advanced Head and Neck Anatomy for Resident Surgeons. Presented at the Annual Clinical and Basic Science Course in Otolaryngology, Iowa City, IA.
  • Morecraft, R. (2009, January). Presented at the Forty Second Annual Winter Conference on Brain Research, Copper Mountain, Colorado.