Sanford School of Medicine Center for Disabilities

NOFAS-SD - About Us

The National Organization on Fetal Alcohol Syndrome - South Dakota (NOFAS-SD) at the Center for Disabilities will seek to improve Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD) prevention efforts, improve FASD identification efforts and improve the services and supports provided to people affected by an FASD. NOFAS-SD provides a home for all current and future efforts of the Center for Disabilities in the area of FASD.

The term Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD) covers a wide range of effects which can occur in people born to mothers who drank alcohol during pregnancy. FASD is not a diagnostic term but rather an umbrella term used to encompass a variety of diagnoses. The following diagnostic categories were established by the Institutes of Medicine in their 1996 publication of Fetal Alcohol Syndrome: Diagnosis, Epidemiology, Prevention and Treatment.

Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders
  • Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) with Confirmed Maternal Alcohol Exposure
  • Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) without Confirmed Maternal Alcohol Exposure
  • Partial Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (PFAS) with Confirmed Maternal Alcohol Exposure
  • Partial Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (PFAS) without Confirmed Maternal Alcohol Exposure
  • Alcohol-Related Birth Defects (ARBD)
  • Alcohol-Related Neurodevelopmental Disorder (ARND)

All Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD) are caused by maternal alcohol consumption during pregnancy. While the effects of FASD are irreversible, it is important to remember that all FASD are 100% preventable.

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