NOFAS-SD - FASD Facts
Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD) is an umbrella term used to describe the birth anomalies that can occur when a woman drinks alcohol during pregnancy.
- FASD is not a diagnostic term but rather refers to all the disorders caused by prenatal alcohol exposure. Included under the umbrella of FASD are:
- Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) with Confirmed Maternal Alcohol Exposure,
- Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) without Confirmed Maternal Alcohol Exposure,
- Partial Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (PFAS) with Confirmed Maternal Alcohol Exposure,
- Partial Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (PFAS) without Confirmed Maternal Alcohol Exposure,
- Alcohol-Related Birth Defects (ARBD), and
- Alcohol-Related Neurodevelopmental Disorder (ARND).
- FASD occurs in about 10 per 1,000 births in the United States.
- FASD affects as many as 40,000 infants each year.
- FASD affects more children each year than Spina Bifida, Down Syndrome, and Cerebral Palsy combined.
- FASD occurs in all racial and socio-economic groups.
- 9.1 percent of pregnant women between the ages of 15 and 44 reported using alcohol in the month prior to participating in a 2002 survey.
- In 2003, Fetal Alcohol Syndrome cost the United States $5.4 billion.
- All Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders are 100% preventable. The only cause of FASD is alcohol consumption by women during pregnancy. The only prevention of FASD is no alcohol consumption by women during pregnancy.
For a bibliography of sources used to compile this information, contact the Center for Disabilities.