Mark Sweeney

Mark Sweeney

Associate Professor

EARTH SCIENCES

Akeley-Lawrence Science Center 311

Phone: (605) 677-6142

Email: Mark.Sweeney@usd.edu

Website: http://sites.usd.edu/mark-sweeney

Curriculum Vitae

Research Interests:

I conduct a variety of research projects related to sedimentology & geomorphology. My expertise is in the generation, transport and deposition of dust.


Education:

  • Ph D, Geology, Washington State University, 2004
  • MS, Geosciences, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, 1999
  • BS, Geology, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, 1997

Grants:

  • Evaluating Post-Flood Sandbar Succession and Species Biodiversity Related to Listed Species Habitat, National Park Service. Grant Role: Co-Principal. (2019 - Present)
  • REU Site: Sustainable RIVER (Remediating InVasives to Encourage Resilience), National Science Foundation. Grant Role: Supporting. (2016 - 2019)
  • Sustainable Rivers: Integrating Earth Science & Sustainability Across the Curriculum, National Science Foundation. Grant Role: Co-Principal. (2015 - 2016)
  • Characterization of sediment sources in the Lewis and Clark Lake Delta, Missouri Sedimentation Action Coalition (funding from US Environmental Protection Agency). Grant Role: Principal. (2015 - 2016)
  • Travel grant, College of Arts & Sciences. Grant Role: Principal. (2015 - 2015)
  • Acquisition of a Portable In Situ Wind Erosion Lab (PI-SWERL) for research in Earth Sciences, NSF. Grant Role: Principal. (2011 - 2012)
  • Collaborative Research: Mechanisms Producing Variation in Lake Salinity in Dune Environments: Nebraska, NSF. Grant Role: Supporting. (2010 - 2011)
  • Collaborative Research: Linking loess landforms and eolian processes, NSF. Grant Role: Principal. (2009 - 2011)
  • USD Bush Grant, USD Continuing Education. Grant Role: Principal. (2008 - 2008)
  • Where does dust originate? Geomorphic and climatic control on the evolution of dust sources in the Mojave Desert, USA, NSF. Grant Role: Principal. (2007 - 2010)
  • Travel grant, Office of Research. Grant Role: Principal. (2006 - 2006)

Publications:

Citations listed below are presented in a standardized, modified format for display purposes only. They do not necessarily reflect the preferred style and conventions of the faculty member or discipline.

  • Sweeney, Mark, Zlotnik, V, Joeckel, R M., and Stout, J. Dust emissions from the Yellow Lake playa-lunette system, West Texas, USA. In Journal of Arid Environments, 37-46. Vol. 133. Elsevier, 2016. (DOI: 10.1016/j.aridenv.2016.05.007)
  • King, Georgina, Pearce, Nicholas, Roberts, Helen, Smith, Victoria, Westgate, John, Gaylord, David, and Sweeney, Mark. Identification of a Kulshan caldera correlative tephra in the Palouse loess of Washington State, northwest USA. In Quaternary Research, 232-241. Vol. 86. Elsevier, 2016. (DOI: 10.1016/j.yqres.2016.06.004)
  • Sweeney, Mark, and Jarchow, Meghann. Using the Missouri River to Integrate Science and Sustainability Across the Curriculum, 5-6. Vol. 6, Iss. 3. National Association of Geoscience Teachers In The Trenches, 2016.
  • Baker, Victor, Bjornstad, Bruce, Gaylord, David, Smith, Gary, Meyer, Scott, Alho, Petteri, Breckenridge, Roy, Sweeney, Mark, and Zereda, Marek. Pleistocene megaflood landscapes of the Channeled Scabland. In Exploring the Geology of the Inland Northwest: Geological Society of America Field Guide, edited by Lewis, R.S. and Schmidt, K.I., 1-73. Vol. 41. Geological Society of America, 2016. (DOI: 10.1120/2016.0041(01))
  • Sweeney, Mark, Lu, Huayu, Cui, Mengchun, Mason, Joseph, Feng, Han, and Xu, Ziewei. Sand dunes as potential sources of dust in northern China. In Science China: Earth Science, 760-769. Vol. 59, Iss. 4. Springer, 2016. (DOI: 10.1007/s11430-015-5246-8)
  • Ujvari, Gabor, Stevens, Thomas, Svensson, Anders, Klotzli, Urs, Manning, Christina, Nemeth, Tibor, Kovacs, Janos, Sweeney, Mark, Gocke, Martina, Wiesenberg, Guido, Markovic, Slobodon, and Zech, Michael. Two possible source regions for central Greenland last glacial dust. In Geophysical Research Letters, 10399-10408. Vol. 42, Iss. 23.. (DOI: 10.1002/2015GL066153)
  • Cui, Mengchun, Lu, Huayu, Sweeney, Mark, Mason, Joseph, Feng, Han, and Xu, Ziewei. PM10 emission flux in the Tengger Desert and Mu Us sand field, northern China, measured by PI-SWERL (in Chinese). In Chinese Science Bulletin, 1-10. Vol. 60.. (DOI: 10.1360/N972014-01157)
  • Sweeney, Mark, and Mason, Joe. Mechanisms of dust emission from Pleistocene loess deposits, Nebraska, USA. Vol. 118. Journal of Geophysical Research - Earth Surface, 2013.
  • Sweeney, Mark, McDonald, Eric, and Markley, Christopher. Alluvial sediment or playas: what is the dominant source of sand and silt in desert soil Av horizons, southwest USA. Vol. 118. Journal of Geophysical Research - Earth Surface, 2013.
  • Loope, David, Elder, Jim, and Sweeney, Mark. Downslope coarsening in aeolian grainflows of the Navajo Sandstone, 156-162. Vol. 265-266. Sedimentary Geology/ Elsevier, 2012.
  • McDonald, Eric, Sweeney, Mark, and Busacca, Alan. Glacial outburst floods and loess sedimentation documented during oxygen isotope stage 4 on the Columbia Plateau, Washington State, 18-30. Vol. 45. Quaternary Science Reviews/ Elsevier, 2012.
  • Sweeney, Mark, McDonald, E, and Etyemezian, V. Quantifying dust emissions from desert landforms, eastern Mojave Desert, USA, 21-34. Vol. 135. Geomorphology/Elsevier, 2011. (DOI: 10.1016/j.geomorph.2011.07.022)
  • King, James, Etyemezian, Vic, Sweeney, Mark, Buck, Brenda, and Nikolich, George. Dust emission variability at the Salton Sea, California, USA, 67-79. Vol. 3. Aeolian Research/ Elsevier, 2011. (DOI: 10.1016/j.aeolia.2001.03.005)
  • Kavouras, I, Etyemezian, V, Nikolich, G, Gillies, J, Sweeney, Mark, Young, M, and Shafer, D. A new technique for characterizing the efficacy of fugitive dust suppressants, 603-612. Vol. 59. Journal of Air and Waste Management/Air and Waste Management Assoc, 2009.
  • Sweeney, Mark, Etyemezian, V, Macpherson, T, Nickling, W, Gillies, J, Nikolich, G, and McDonald, E. Comparison of PI-SWERL with dust emission measurements from a straight-line field wind tunnel. Vol. 113. Journal of Geophysical Research - Earth Surface/Americal Geophysical Union, 2008. (DOI: 10.1029/2007JF000830)
  • Sweeney, Mark, McDonald, E, Etyemezian, V, Caldwell, T, Bacon, S, Baker, S, DuBois, D, and King, J. Assessment of potential playa and lake analogues to the Salton Sea in support of the Programmatic Environmental Impact Report. In Prepared for the California Department of Water Resources, 60. Reno, NV: Desert Research Institute, 2007.
  • Sweeney, Mark, Busacca, A J., and Gaylord, D R.. Eureka Flat: a long-term dust-production engine of the Palouse loess, Pacific Northwest, USA, 76-96. Vol. 162-163. Quaternary International/Elsevier, 2007.
  • Etyemezian, V, Nikolich, G, Ahonen, S, Pitchford, M, Sweeney, Mark, Purcell, R, Gillies, J, and Kuhns, H. The Portable In-Situ Wind Erosion Laboratory (PI-SWERL): A new method to measure PM10 windblown dust properties and potential for emissions, 3789-3796. Vol. 41. Atmospheric Environment/Elsevier, 2007.
  • Etyemezian, V, Sweeney, Mark, McDonald, E, Caldwell, T, Gillies, J, Nikolich, G, and Xu, J. Measurement of windblown dust emission potential and soil characteristics at the Salton Sea in support of the Programmatic Environmental Impact Report: Final Report.. In Prepared for the California Department of Water Resources, 177. Reno, NV: Desert Research Institute, 2006.

Awards and Honors:

  • Gladys W. Cole Memorial Research Award, Geological Society of America, 2009

Presentations:

  • Sweeney, Mark, Jarchow, Meghann. Sustainable Rivers: Using place-based learning to integrate science across the liberal arts curriculum. Presented at the Earth Educators Rendezvous, Madison, WI. (July 19, 2016)
  • Sweeney, Mark. Geomorphology and sediment sources of the Lewis and Clark Lake delta. Presented at the Missouri River Institute Symposium. (April 7, 2016)
  • Sweeney, Mark, McDonald, E, Hanson, P, Chabela, L. Sand dunes exert control on alluvial base level and soil formation, Eastern Mojave Desert, USA. Presented at the Geological Society of America Annual Meeting, Baltimore, MD. (November 4, 2015)
  • Sweeney, Mark, McDonald, Eric. Fingerprinting sources of dust in the Mojave Desert, USA. Presented at the Batsheva de Rothschild Seminar on Atmospheric Dust, Dust Deposits and Soils in Deserts, Jerusalem, Israel. (October 15, 2015)
  • Sweeney, Mark, Jarchow, Meghann. Sustainable Rivers: Integrating Earth Science and Sustainability Across the Curriculum. Presented at the Missouri River Institute Symposium. (April 9, 2015)
  • Gaylord, D, Sweeney, Mark, Foit, F, McDonald, E, Busacca, A. Overview of the geomorphic, sedimentary, stratigraphic and paleoclimatic history of sand-dominated Quaternary eolian deposits on the Columbia Plateau, WA. Presented at the Geological Society of America Annual Meeting, Vancouver, BC, Canada. (October 2014)
  • King, G, Pearce, N, Roberts, H, Gaylord, D, Sweeney, Mark, Smith, V. Re-evaluating the tephrochronology of the Palouse loess, Washington State, using single-shard major- and trace-element analyses. Presented at the Geological Society of America Annual Meeting, Vancouver, BC, Canada. (October 2014)
  • Roberts, H, King, G, Pearce, N, Sweeney, Mark, Gaylord, D, Busacca, A. Reconciling the luminescence- and tephro-chronologies of the Palouse loess, Washington State, USA. Presented at the Geological Society of America Annual Meeting, Vancouver, BC, Canada. (October 2014)
  • Sweeney, Mark, Lu, H, Cui, M, Mason, J, Feng, H, Xu, Z. Sand dunes as potential sources of dust in northern China. Presented at the Geological Society of America Annual Meeting, Vancouver, BC, Canada. (October 2014)
  • Lechler, A, Huntington, K, Breecker, D, Sweeney, Mark, Schauer, A. Systematic variability in clumped isotope temperatures of loess carbonates during late Pleistocene climate change, Palouse loess, USA. Presented at the Geological Society of America Annual Meeting, Vancouver, BC, Canada. (October 2014)
  • Sweeney, Mark, McDonald, E, Gaylord, D, Roberts, H, Busacca, A. The roles of sediment supply, sediment availability, and wind in driving the loess engine of the Palouse, Pacific Northwest. Presented at the Geological Society of America Annual Meeting, Vancouver, BC, Canada. (October 2014)
  • Mason, J, Sweeney, Mark, Hanson, P. Wind-aligned landforms in thick loess of the central USA: Mechanisms of formation and paleoenvironmental significance. Presented at the International Conference on Loess Research, Warsaw, Poland. (September 2014)
  • Cui, M, Lu, H, Sweeney, Mark, Mason, J, Feng, H, Xu, Z. Dust fluxes in northern desert of China measured by PI-SWERL. Presented at the Eighth International Conference on Aeolian Research, Lanzhou, China. (July 2014)
  • Huntington, K, Lechler, A, Hoke, G, Burgener, L, Breecker, D, Sweeney, Mark. Clumped isotope paleothermometry in soil carbonate. Presented at the Goldschmidt Conference, Sacramento, CA. (June 2014)
  • Sweeney, Mark, Cowman, T, Campbell, M, Dixon, M, Geary, N, Boever, C. Historical and predicted future sediment accumulation in the Niobrara River delta and Lewis and Clark Lake headwaters. Presented at the Geological Society of America North-Central Section Meeting, Lincoln, NE. (April 2014)
  • Herrig, K, Wetzel, R, Sweeney, Mark, Cowman, T. Influence of suspended load on the dust emission potential of Missouri River sand bars. Presented at the Geological Society of America North-Central Section Meeting, Lincoln, NE. (April 2014)
  • King, Georgina, Roberts, Helen, Pearce, Nick, Gaylord, David, Sweeney, Mark, Duller, Geoff, Smith, V. Re-evaluating the tephrochronology of the Palouse Loess, Washington State, using optically stimulated luminescence dating and single-shard major- and trace-element analyses. Presented at the American Geophysical Union. (December 2013)
  • Cowman, Tim, Sweeney, Mark, Dixon, Mark, Campbell, Melissa, Geary, Nicole, Boever, Chris. Historical and predicted future sediment accumulation in the Niobrara River Delta and Lewis and Clark Lake headwaters. Presented at the Eastern South Dakota Water Conference. (October 2013)
  • Wetzel, Ruthie, Sweeney, Mark, Cowman, Tim. Contributions of suspended load to the Missouri River downstream of Gavins Point Dam, Yankton, South Dakota. Presented at the Geological Society of America. (October 2013)
  • Herrig, Karen, Sweeney, Mark. Dust emission potential of Missouri River sand bars deposited by the 2011 flood. Presented at the Geological Society of America. (October 2013)
  • Chabela, Lucas, Sweeney, Mark, McDonald, Eric. Evidence for dune damming and lake formation along the eastern margin of the Kelso Dunes, Mojave Desert, USA. Presented at the Geological Society of America. (October 2013)
  • Pearce, Nick, King, Georgina, Roberts, Helen, Smith, V, Gaylord, David, Sweeney, Mark. Tephrochronology of the Palouse Loess, Washington State, USA: reconciling luminescence dates with proximal and distal volcanic records from the Cascades. Presented at the Canadian Quaternary Association (CANQUA). (July 2013)
  • Sweeney, Mark, Cowman, Tim, Campbell, Melissa, Dixon, Mark, Boever, Chris, Geary, Nicole. Historical and future visualization of the Lewis and Clark Lake delta. Presented at the Missouri River Institute Symposium, Vermillion, SD. (April 2013)
  • Mason, Joe, Hanson, Paul, Sweeney, Mark, Loope, Henry, Xiaodong, Miao. Aeolian morphodynamics of loess landscapes. Presented at the American Geophysical Union, San Francisco. (December 2012)
  • Sweeney, Mark, Zlotnik, Vitaly, Joeckel, R, Gates, John, Stout, John. Preliminary results of dust emission data from Yellow Lake playa, West Texas, USA. Presented at the Geological Society of America, Charlotte, NC. (November 2012)
  • Sweeney, Mark. Eureka Flat: Engine of the Palouse Loess. Presented at the Loess Conference and field trip. (May 2012)
  • Sweeney, Mark, Mason, Joe, Hanson, Paul. Formation of large linear troughs and streamlined ridges by direct deflation of Peoria Loess, Nebraska, USA. Presented at the Geological Society of America Annual Meeting, Minneapolis, MN. (October 2011)
  • Bacon, Steve, McDonald, Eric, Sweeney, Mark, Amit, Rivka, Enzel, Yehouda, Courvi, O. Emission of PM10 and total suspended particulate matter from desert landforms across the southwestern U.S. and Israel: Implications for near-surface and atmospheric dust loading models.. Presented at the International Quaternary Assoc (INQUA) XVIII, Bern, Switzerland. (July 2011)
  • Mason, Joe, Sweeney, Mark, Hanson, Paul. Evidence for eolian remobilization of loess in the central Great Plains, USA, and implications for paleoclimatic interpretation of the loess record. Presented at the European Geophysical Union, Vienna, Austria. (April 2011)
  • McDonald, E, Sweeney, Mark. Extensive eolian activity during OIS 4-3 as recorded by paleoflood evidence and regional sedimentation patterns of loess on the Columbia Plateau, Washington State. Presented at the Geological Society of America Annual Meeting, Denver, CO. (October 2010)
  • Sweeney, Mark, McDonald, E, Hanson, P, Young, A. Using luminescence dating to deciper the timing and origin of eolian Av horizons, southwest US. Presented at the Geological Society of America Annual Meeting, Denver, CO. (October 2010)
  • Irvine, Zac, Sweeney, Mark, Mason, Joe. Using the PI-SWERL to evaluate sources of loess in Nebraska. Presented at the Geological Society of America Annual Meeting, Denver, CO. (October 2010)
  • Rathbun, K, Sweeney, Mark. Source and paleoclimatic significance of loess in southeast South Dakota. Presented at the Geological Society of America Rocky Mountain Section Meeting, Rapid City, SD. (April 2010)
  • Sweeney, Mark, Erickson, E, Cowman, T. The challenge of identifying sediment sources in superimposed fluvial channels: the Missouri and James rivers, South Dakota. Presented at the MRNRC Conference and BiOp Forum, Nebraska City, NE. (March 19, 2010)
  • King, J, Etyemezian, V, Sweeney, Mark, Buck, B. Dust emission variability at the Salton Sea, California. Presented at the American Geophysical Union Annual Meeting, San Francisco, CA. (December 2009)
  • Caldwell, T, Sweeney, Mark, Bacon, S, McDonald, E. Hydraulic gradient and dust emissivity along a playa to distal fan transect. Presented at the American Geophysical Union Annual Meeting, San Francisco, CA. (December 2009)
  • Roberts, H, Gaylord, D, Foit, F, Sweeney, Mark, Busacca, A. Shedding new light on the age of the Palouse Loess, southeastern Washington, using optically stimulated luminescence dating of quartz. Presented at the American Geophysical Union Annual Meeting, San Francisco, CA. (December 2009)
  • Erickson, E, Sweeney, Mark, Cowman, T. Differentiating Missouri and James river sediments in South Dakota using grain size and geochemical methods. Presented at the Geological Society of America Annual Meeting, Portland, OR. (2009)
  • Lundstrom, S, Cowman, Tim, Holbrook, J, Paces, J, Hanson, P, Dillon, J, Sweeney, Mark, Jacobson, R, B, Heise, J, Abraham. Geological mapping and research along the Missouri National Recreational River, Nebraska and South Dakota: Integration of results and significance to hydrogeologic and ecologic issues. Presented at the Geological Society of America Annual Meeting, Portland, OR. (2009)
  • Sweeney, Mark, McDonald, E, Etyemezian, V. Quantification of dust emissions from desert landforms, using the PI-SWERL, southern California. Presented at the Geological Society of America Annual Meeting, Portland, OR. (2009)
  • Markley, C, Sweeney, Mark, McDonald, E. Compositional variability of dust-producing landforms in the Mojave Desert of southern California. Presented at the Geological Society of America Annual Meeting, Houston, TX. (October 2008)
  • Sweeney, Mark, Gaylord, D, Busacca, A. Using soils, tephras, and luminescence to reveal the Holocene record of loess in the Pacific Northwest. Presented at the Geological Society of America Annual Meeting, Houston, TX. (October 2008)
  • Etyemezian, V, Sweeney, Mark, Nickling, W, Gillies, J, McDonald, E. Seasonal dust emissions measured from shorelines at the Salton Sea, southern California. Presented at the American Geophysical Union Annual Meeting, San Francisco, CA. (December 2006)
  • Gillies, J, Etyemezian, V, Sweeney, Mark, Nickling, W, King, J. Factors Controlling the Spatial and Temporal Variability of Dust Emissions. Presented at the 7th International Symposium on Environmental Geochemistry, Beijing, China. (September 2006)
  • Sweeney, Mark, Gaylord, D, Busacca, A, Richardson, C, Reyerson, P, Blinnikov, M. A new luminescence chronology and paleoecologic history of Holocene loess, Pacific Northwest, USA. Presented at the Geological Society of America Annual Meeting, Philadelphia, PA. (2006)