Tony Krus

Tony Krus

Assistant Professor

ANTHROPOLOGY & SOCIOLOGY

East Hall 310

Phone: (605) 677-5402

Email: Tony.Krus@usd.edu

Bio:

Dr. Krus joined the University in 2018 after serving as a Research Associate at the University of Glasgow from 2013-2018. His research focuses on the use of scientific dating techniques, GIS, and statistical modeling to address archaeologically grounded and anthropologically informed research questions. https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1970-4473


Teaching Interests:

Dr. Krus' course rotation: Introduction to Archaeology (ANTH 230), World Regional Geography (GEOG 210), Historical Archaeology (ANTH 340), Collapse of Societies (ANTH/SUST 426), Anthropology of Violence (ANTH 490), South Dakota Prehistory (ANTH 320), Anthropology of Time (ANTH 490), Archaeological Field Techniques (ANTH 431/531)


Research Interests:

Anthropology; archaeology; scientific dating techniques; stable isotope analysis; GIS; Bayesian statistics; time and temporality; violence and warfare; sustainability; social complexity; ethnohistory; the British Isles; Native American history in the American Southeast, Midwest, and the Arctic; cultural resource management


Education:

  • Ph D, Anthropology, Indiana University, 2013
  • MA, Anthropology, Indiana University, 2011
  • BA, Anthropology, Hampshire College, 2008
  • Certificate, Native American Indian Studies, Five College Consortium, 2008

Grants:

  • Collaborative Research: Long-Term Human Responses to Ecological Instability, National Science Foundation. Grant Role: Principal. (2019 - 2022)
  • RAPID: Radiocarbon Dating of Birnirk Levels at Walakpa, North Slope, Alaska, National Science Foundation. Grant Role: Co-Principal. (2019 - 2020)
  • Course Design Fellowship, Center for Teaching and Learning, University of South Dakota. (2019 - 2020)
  • Travel Award, College of Arts & Sciences, University of South Dakota. (2019 - 2019)
  • Travel Award, College of Arts & Sciences, University of South Dakota. (2019 - 2019)
  • Travel Award, College of Arts & Sciences, University of South Dakota. (2018 - 2019)
  • CTL Teaching and Learning Grant, Center for Teaching and Learning, University of South Dakota. (2018 - 2019)
  • Estimating ancient Marine Radiocarbon Reservoir Effects to develop better Arctic settlement histories, Carnegie Trust for the Universities of Scotland. (2016 - 2017)
  • Orkney: Beside the Ocean of Time, Arts and Humanities Research Council. (2016 - 2017)
  • Sensations of Roman Life: Reconstructing and Experiencing a Multi-Sensory Virtual Reality Environment, Arts and Humanities Research Council. (2016 - 2017)
  • Travel Award, Mathers Museum of World Cultures. (2012 - 2013)
  • Chronology and comparison of Mississippian-era palisades with bastions in the lower Ohio River Valley and Green River Valley, Indiana University Skomp Research Award. (2011 - 2012)
  • The context of the Angel Site's (12-VG-1) fortification system, Indiana University Skomp Research Award. (2010 - 2011)

Publications:

Citations listed below are presented in a standardized, modified format for display purposes only. They do not necessarily reflect the preferred style and conventions of the faculty member or discipline.

  • Krus, Anthony, and Hamilton, W. D.. Radiocarbon Dating. In Early Medieval Settlement in Upland Perthshire: Excavations at Lair, Glen Shee 2012-17, edited by David Strachan, David Sneddon and Richard Tipping, 56-65. Oxford: Archaeopress Archaeology, 2019.
  • Hamilton, Derek, Krus, Anthony, Schwenninger, Jean-Luc, Harrison, Jane, and Griffiths, David. Dating and chronology. In Beside the Ocean: Coastal Landscapes at the Bay of Skaill, Marwick, and Birsay Bay, Orkney: Archaeological Research, 2003-18, edited by David Griffiths, Jane Harrison, and Michael Athanson, 100-114. Oxford: Oxbow Books, 2019.
  • Krus, Anthony, Jensen, Anne M., Hamilton, W. D., and Sayle, Kerry. Contextually Appropriate Approach for Marine 14C Calibration: ?R and Bayesian Framework for the Nuvuk Cemetery, Point Barrow, Alaska. Radiocarbon, 2019. (DOI: 10.1017/RDC.2019.20)
  • Krus, Anthony, Herrmann, Edward W., Pike, Matthew D., Monaghan, G. W., and Wilson, Jeremy J.. Chronology of a Fortified Mississippian Village in the Central Illinois River Valley. Radiocarbon, 2019. (DOI: 10.1017/RDC.2019.19)
  • Krus, Anthony, and Thompson, Victor. Special Issue: Dating Island and Coastal Settlements, 1-100. Vol. 14, Iss. 1. The Journal of Island and Coastal Archaeology, 2019.
  • Krus, Anthony, and Thompson, Victor. The complexities of dating island and coastal settlements, 1-4. Vol. 14, Iss. 1. The Journal of Island and Coastal Archaeology, 2019. (DOI: 10.1080/15564894.2018.1562500)
  • Brunning, R., Jones, A., Cook, G., and Krus, Anthony. Scientific dating of the Early Bronze Age Log Coffin Burials at Sproxton and Eaton, Leicestershire, 1-14. Vol. 92. Transactions of the Leicestershire Archaeological and Historical Society, 2018.
  • Krus, Anthony, and Cobb, Charles R.. The Mississippian Fin de Siècle in the Middle Cumberland Region of Tennessee, 302-319. Vol. 83, Iss. 2. American Antiquity, 2018. (DOI: 10.1017/aaq.2018.1)
  • Hamilton, W. D., and Krus, Anthony. The myths and realities of Bayesian chronological modeling revealed, 187-203. Vol. 83, Iss. 2. American Antiquity, 2018. (DOI: 10.1017/aaq.2017.57)
  • Hamilton, Derek, and Krus, Anthony. Radiocarbon dating and Bayesian modelling of Cults Loch 3, 4 and 5. In A Lake Dwelling in Its Landscape: Iron Age settlement at Cults Loch, Castle Kennedy, Dumfries & Galloway, edited by Cavers, M. Graeme; Crone, Anne, 187-194. Oxford: Oxbow Books, 2018.
  • Thompson, Victor D., and Krus, Anthony. Contemplating the history and future of radiocarbon dating in the American Southeast, 1-11. Vol. 37, Iss. 1. Southeastern Archaeology, 2018. (DOI: 10.1080/0734578X.2017.1364600)
  • Cook, Martin, Heald, Andy, Krus, Anthony, McLaren, Dawn, Ritchie, Matt, and Roper, Katie. The Dun Deardail Project. In The Archaeology of Dun Deardail, edited by Ritchie, M., 29-49. Edinburgh: Forestry Commission Scotland, 2018.
  • Ballin, Torben B., Boyle, Angela, Cruickshanks, Gemma, Haggarty, George, Hall, Derek, Hamilton, W. D., Jones, Richard, Krus, Anthony, Murdock, Kenneth, and Ramsay, Susan. Monks, Priests and Farmers: A Community Research Excavation at Baliscate, Isle of Mull, 1-107. Vol. 68. Scottish Archaeological Internet Reports, 2017. (DOI: 10.9750/issn.2056-7421.2017.68)
  • Krus, Anthony, and Peteranna, Mary. Bayesian modeling of an early bronze age cemetery at Armadale, Isle of Skye, Scotland, 693-708. Vol. 58, Iss. 3. Radiocarbon, 2016. (DOI: 10.1017/RDC.2016.21)
  • Krus, Anthony. Timing of precolumbian militarization in the U.S. Midwest and Southeast, 375-388. Vol. 81, Iss. 2. American Antiquity, 2016. (DOI: 10.7183/0002-7316.81.2.375)
  • Malim, Tim, Wellicome, Thomas, Timby, Jane, Mooney, Dawn E., Schwenninger, Jean-Luc, and Krus, Anthony. Iron Age and Romano-British Occupation at Craven Arms Enclosure B, Shropshire: Investigations in 2013, 51-101. Vol. 91. Transactions of the Shropshire Archaeological and Historical Society, 2016.
  • Krus, Anthony, Jensen, Anne M., Hamilton, W. D., and Sayle, Kerry. Research in progress: Assessing marine radiocarbon reservoir effect variation in greater Utqiagvik, Alaska, 107. Vol. 14, Iss. 1&2. Alaska Journal of Anthropology, 2016.
  • Cobb, C., Krus, Anthony, and Steadman, D.W.. Bayesian modeling of the occupation span of the Averbuch site in the Middle Cumberland Drainage, Tennessee, 46-56. Vol. 34, Iss. 1. Southeastern Archaeology, 2015. (DOI: 10.1179/2168472314Y.0000000005)
  • Krus, Anthony. Bayesian analysis. In Archaeological Excavation Report SACIC Report No. 2015/083, edited by Gill, D.; Goffin, R.; Caruth, J., 166-174. Suffolk Archaeology Community Interest Company, 2015.
  • Krus, Anthony, Cook, R., and Hamilton, W.D.. Bayesian chronological modeling of SunWatch, a fort ancient village in Dayton, Ohio, 965-977. Vol. 57, Iss. 2. Radiocarbon, 2015. (DOI: 10.2458/azu\_rc.57.18179)
  • Krus, Anthony, McGill, Dru, and Monaghan, G.. Special Issue: The Angel Mounds Issue [editors]. Vol. 38, Iss. 2. Midcontinental Journal of Archaeology, 2013.
  • Marshall, Joel M., and Krus, Anthony. Estimation of WPA artifact collection bias in the East Village at Angel Mounds, 183-188. Vol. 38, Iss. 2. Midcontinental Journal of Archaeology, 2013. (DOI: 10.1179/mca.2013.007)
  • Krus, Anthony, McGill, Dru E., and Monaghan, G. W.. Introduction to the Angel Mounds issue, 149-153. Vol. 38, Iss. 2. Midcontinental Journal of Archaeology, 2013. (DOI: 10.1179/mca.2013.004)
  • Monaghan, G. W., Schilling, Timothy, Krus, Anthony, and Peebles, Christopher S.. Mound construction chronology at Angel Mounds episodic mound construction and ceremonial events, 155-170. Vol. 38, Iss. 2. Midcontinental Journal of Archaeology, 2013. (DOI: 10.1179/mca.2013.005)
  • Krus, Anthony, Schilling, Timothy, and Monaghan, G. W.. The timing of Angel Mounds palisade construction a search for the best chronological model, 171-182. Vol. 38, Iss. 2. Midcontinental Journal of Archaeology, 2013. (DOI: 10.1179/mca.2013.006)
  • Baumann, Timothy E., Monaghan, G. W., Peebles, Christopher, Marshall, Charla, Krus, Anthony, and Marshall, Joel. The legacy of Lilly, Black, and the WPA at Angel Mounds near Evansville, Indiana, 34-38. Vol. 11, Iss. 5. SAA Archaeological Record, 2011.
  • Krus, Anthony. Bridging History and Prehistory: The Possible Antiquity of a Native American Ballgame, 136-145. Vol. 4. Native South, 2011. (DOI: 10.1353/nso.2011.0004)
  • Krus, Anthony. Refortifying Cahokia, more efficient palisade construction through redesigned bastions, 227-244. Vol. 36, Iss. 2. Midcontinental Journal of Archaeology, 2011. (DOI: 10.1179/mca.2011.011)
  • Krus, Anthony. Review of: Cultural Resource Archaeology, 191-192. Vol. 30, Iss. 1. Southeastern Archaeology, 2011.
  • Krus, Anthony. Review of: Mapping the Mississippian Shatter Zone: The Colonial Indian Slave Trade and Regional Instability in the American South, 701-702. Vol. 75, Iss. 3. American Antiquity, 2010.

Awards and Honors:

  • Arts & Sciences Fall Travel Grant, USD College of Arts & Sciences, 2019
  • Grant, National Science Foundation, 2019
  • Grant, National Science Foundation, 2019
  • CTL Course Design Fellowship, USD Center for Teaching and Learning, 2019
  • Arts & Sciences Spring Travel Grant, USD College of Arts & Sciences, 2019
  • Belbas-Larson Award for Excellence in Teaching, Nominee, USD, 2019
  • Highly Commended Work, British Archaeological Awards, 2018
  • Arts & Sciences Fall Travel Grant, USD College of Arts & Sciences, 2018
  • CTL Teaching and Learning Grant, USD Center for Teaching and Learning, 2018
  • Grant, Arts and Humanities Research Council, 2016
  • Grant, Arts and Humanities Research Council, 2016
  • Research Incentive Grant, Carnegie Trust for the Universities of Scotland, 2016
  • Delegate for the Workshop on The Lived Environment at The Royal Society, London, England, Arts & Humanities Research Council, 2015
  • Future Faculty Teaching Fellow, Department of Anthropology, Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis, 2012
  • Student Travel Grant, Mathers Museum of World Cultures, 2012
  • David C. Skomp Summer Research Feasibility Study Award, Indiana University, Bloomington, 2011
  • David C. Skomp Summer Research Feasibility Study Award, Indiana University, Bloomington, 2010

Presentations:

  • Baumann, Timothy ., Crites, Gary, Humes, Peggy, Krus, Anthony. Full of Beans: The Story of the Common Bean (Phaseolus vulgaris) in the Midsouth. Presented at the Southeastern Archaeological Conference, Jackson, MS. (November 7, 2019)
  • Krus, Anthony, Richards, John D., Jeske, Robert J.. CHRONOLOGY FOR MISSISSIPPIAN AND ONEOTA OCCUPATIONS AT AZTALAN AND THE LAKE KOSHKONONG LOCALITY. Presented at the Midwest Archaeological Conference, Mankato, MN. (October 11, 2019)
  • Ranney, William, Krus, Anthony, Jennings, Ethan. 2019 SURVEY OF VERMILLION RIVER HISTORIC PROPERTIES IN CLAY COUNTY. Presented at the SOUTH DAKOTA ARCHAEOLOGICAL SOCIETY ANNUAL MEETING, Rapid City, SD. (September 14, 2019)
  • Krus, Anthony, Richards, John D., Jeske, Robert J.. Bayesian Chronological Models for the Aztalan Site: Challenges and Preliminary Results. Presented at the Radiocarbon & Archaeology 9th International Symposium , Athens, Georgia, USA. (May 2019)
  • Baumann, T., Krus, Anthony, Crites, G.. The Common Bean (Phaseolus vulgaris) in the Eastern Woodlands of North America. Presented at the Radiocarbon & Archaeology 9th International Symposium , Athens, Georgia, USA. (May 2019)
  • Krus, Anthony, Cobb, Charles R.. Vacant Quarter-era Chronologies of Late Mississippian Agricultural Communities in the Deep South. Presented at the Radiocarbon & Archaeology 9th International Symposium , Athens, Georgia, USA. (May 2019)
  • Krus, Anthony, Herrmann, Edward, Pike, Matthew, Monaghan, G. W., Wilson, Jeremy. Chronology of a Fortified Mississippian Village in the Central Illinois River Valley. Presented at the Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, Albuquerque, New Mexico. (April 2019)
  • Krus, Anthony. Discussant in the Forum "Advances and Prospects in the Archaeological Sciences on the 40th Anniversary of the Society for Archaeological Sciences". Presented at the Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, Washington, D.C.. (April 2018)
  • Krus, Anthony, Cobb, Charles R.. The Mississippian Fin de Siècle in the Middle Cumberland Region of Tennessee. Presented at the Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, Washington, D.C.. (April 2018)
  • Krus, Anthony, Ewart, Ian, Platts, Hannah, McLean, Kate. Reconstructing, experiencing, and mapping a multi-sensory virtual reality environment for the Roman town of Calleva Atrebatum (Silchester, Hampshire, United Kingdom). Presented at the Meeting of the European Association of Archaeologists, Maastricht, Netherlands. (September 2017)
  • Krus, Anthony. Discussant in the Forum "Radiocarbon and Archaeology: Developing Fruitful Collaborative Relationships". Presented at the Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, Vancouver, Canada. (April 2017)
  • Krus, Anthony, Thompson, Victor. Gathering Shells and Time: A Bayesian Approach to Shell Mound Formation in Southwest Florida. Presented at the Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, Vancouver, Canada. (March 2017)
  • Sayle, Kerry, Krus, Anthony, Jensen, Anne, Hamilton, W. D.. Rethinking Chronology in Barrow, Alaska: Assessing ?R Variation and Applying Bayesian Chronological Models. Presented at the Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, Vancouver, Canada. (March 2017)
  • Brown, Lisa, Goldberg, Martin, Krus, Anthony. Analysing archived material to unravel wheelhouse chronologies in the Western Isles, Scotland.
  • Ewart, Ian, Platts, Hannah, Krus, Anthony. Sensations of Roman life: Sounds and smells in virtual reality and predictive maps. Presented at the Multi-sensory design - creating healthier public spaces. Feeling good in public spaces - dialogues series, Central Saint Martins, London, England. (December 2016)
  • Krus, Anthony. Guest Speaker. Presented at the ANTH 334/534: Midwestern Archaeology, Muncie, Indiana. (November 2, 2016)
  • Krus, Anthony. Guest Speaker. Presented at the Ball State University's Anthropology Colloquium, Muncie, Indiana. (November 2, 2016)
  • Krus, Anthony. Discussant in the Forum "Problems and Progress in Radiocarbon Dating: Perspectives on Southeastern Archaeology". Presented at the Meeting of the Southeastern Archaeology Conference, Athens, Georgia. (October 2016)
  • Krus, Anthony, Cobb, Charles. New Models for Mississippian Site Chronologies in the Middle Cumberland Region. Presented at the Meeting of the Southeastern Archaeology Conference, Athens, Georgia. (October 2016)
  • Krus, Anthony, Brown, Lisa, Goldberg, Martin. Analysing Archived Material to Unravel Wheelhouse Chronologies in the Western Isles, Scotland. Presented at the Meeting of the European Association of Archaeologists, Vilnius, Lithuania. (September 2016)
  • Krus, Anthony, Hamilton, W. D., Jensen, Anne. Estimating ?R Variation to Develop Chronologies for Humans and Animals with Marine-Rich Diets. Presented at the Meeting of the European Association of Archaeologists, Vilnius, Lithuania. (September 2016)
  • Krus, Anthony, Thompson, Victor. Bayesian modelling of shell mound deposits at Estero Island, Fort Myers Beach, Florida. Presented at the The 8th International Symposium on 14C & Archaeology, Edinburgh, Scotland. (June 2016)
  • Krus, Anthony. Bayesian Chronological Models for Mississippian Fortifications with Bastions. Presented at the Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, Orlando, Florida. (April 2016)
  • Krus, Anthony. Timing and tempo of Pre-Columbian militarization in the Midwestern and Southeastern United States. Presented at the Meeting of the European Association of Archaeologists, Glasgow, Scotland. (September 2015)
  • Krus, Anthony. Understanding Early Bronze Age memory and society through mortuary chronologies at Armadale, Isle of Skye. Presented at the Meeting of the European Association of Archaeologists, Glasgow, Scotland. (September 2015)
  • Krus, Anthony. New Models for the Chronology of Scotland's Roundhouses. Presented at the Building (Ancient) Lives: Colloquium, Edinburgh, Scotland. (November 6, 2014)
  • Krus, Anthony. Bayesian modeling of a burial site at Armadale, Isle of Skye, Scotland. Presented at the Meeting of the European Association of Archaeologists, Istanbul, Turkey. (September 2014)
  • Krus, Anthony. A Chronology of Warfare in the Late Prehistoric Midwest.
  • Krus, Anthony. Late Prehistoric Paleodemographic Trends in the Midcontinent North America Reconstructed through Multiple Proxies from Angel Mounds. Presented at the Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, Austin, Texas. (April 2014)
  • Krus, Anthony. Bayesian chronological modeling of SunWatch, Dayton. Presented at the Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, Austin, Texas. (2014)
  • Krus, Anthony. An improved chronology for Mississippian (AD 1000-1500) warfare. Presented at the Chacmool Conference: War & Peace: Conflict Resolution in Archaeology, University of Calgary, Calgary, Canada. (November 2012)
  • Krus, Anthony. A Revised Chronology for Angel Mounds' Population Growth and Site Development. Presented at the Midwest Archaeological Conference, East Lansing, Michigan. (October 2012)
  • Krus, Anthony. Dynamic Landscapes and the Science of Science at Angel Mounds. Presented at the Midwest Archaeological Conference, East Lansing, Michigan. (October 2012)
  • Krus, Anthony. Multiple Proxies Measures to Reconstruct Local Paleodemographic Trends at Angel Mounds. Presented at the Midwest Archaeological Conference, East Lansing, Michigan. (October 2012)
  • Krus, Anthony. Angel Mounds chronology: A Bayesian approach. Presented at the Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, Memphis, Tennessee. (April 2012)
  • Krus, Anthony. Angel Mounds' Palisade Sequence: A Search for the Best Chronological Model. Presented at the Southeastern Archaeological Conference, Jacksonville, Florida. (November 2011)
  • Krus, Anthony. The Unexpected and Rediscovered: 2011 Excavations at Angel Mounds. Presented at the Southeastern Archaeological Conference, Jacksonville, Florida. (November 2011)
  • Krus, Anthony. From a New Perspective: 2011 Excavations at Angel Mounds. Presented at the Midwest Archaeological Conference, La Crosse, Wisconsin. (October 2011)
  • Krus, Anthony. Refining Time: A Bayesian Approach to Chronology at the Angel Site. Presented at the Midwest Archaeological Conference, La Crosse, Wisconsin. (October 2011)
  • Krus, Anthony. Angel Mounds GIS: Visualizing Old Data in New Ways. Presented at the Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, Sacramento, California. (April 2011)
  • Krus, Anthony. Retelling the Story of the East Village at the Angel Site (12-VG-1). Presented at the Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, Sacramento, California. (April 2011)
  • Krus, Anthony. The development of bastions: A morphometric analysis of Mississippian fortifications. Presented at the Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, Sacramento, California. (April 2011)
  • Krus, Anthony. Excavations on the Angel Site's Palisades. Presented at the Midwest Archaeological Conference, Bloomington, Indiana. (October 2010)
  • Krus, Anthony. New finds in an Old Trench in the East Village at the Angel Site (12Vg1). Presented at the Midwest Archaeological Conference, Bloomington, Indiana. (October 2010)
  • Krus, Anthony. The Development of the Middle Mississippian Angel Site (12Vg1) through its Earthworks, Palisades, and Structures. Presented at the Midwest Archaeological Conference, Bloomington, Indiana. (October 2010)
  • Krus, Anthony. Classifying Bastions: A Low-Cost Technique for Classification and Analysis of Artifacts. Presented at the Southeastern Archaeology Conference, Lexington, Kentucky. (October 2010)
  • Krus, Anthony. Bastion Architecture at Cahokia and Its Regional Context. Presented at the Cahokia/Mississippian Conference, Cahokia Mounds State Historic Site, Collinsville, IL. (July 31, 2010)
  • Krus, Anthony. Mississippian Hoe Use: A microwear analysis of hoe chips from the Angel Site. Presented at the Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, Saint Louis, Missouri. (April 18, 2010)
  • Krus, Anthony. Finding Changes in the Number of Wooden Posts in Cahokia's Central Palisades. Presented at the Southeastern Archaeological Conference, Charlotte, North Carolina. (November 12, 2008)