Bio:

X.T. Wang (Ph.D. New Mexico State University) is Professor of Psychology at the University of South Dakota whose research interests involve behavioral decision making, risk management, and evolutionary psychology. He is also an adjunct professor of Guanghua School of Management at Peking University. He was a visiting scientist at the Max Planck Institute in Berlin, Germany, and visiting professor at Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Singapore Management University, and China-Europe International Business School. Professor Wang has published research papers in various peer reviewed professional journals, such as Psychological Science, Journal of Behavioral Decision Making, Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, Cognition, Evolution and Human Behavior, Behavioral and Brain Sciences; Cognition and Emotion, American Behavioral Scientist, Neuropsychologia; Physiology and Behavior; Social Neuroscience, Journal of Behavioral and Experimental Economics; Journal of Business Research; Child Development, and Acta Psychologica Sinica. He was the PI of grant projects sponsored by NSF and James McDonnell Foundation. He provided review or editorial service for 46 professional journals and serves as an expert consultant for Chinese Natural Science Foundation and Acta Psychologica Sinica. He is the editor of special issues for the Journal of Bio-economics, Editor of the book Thus Speak Evolutionary Psychologists. He also provided training courses for managers from companies such as Panasonic, Coca Cola, China Mobile, and Bank of China. Professor Wang's studies are cited in the textbooks of Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology, and Cognitive Neuroscience, and are featured in articles of popular print and introduced by online media such as Time magazine, Wall Street Journal, Science News, Yahoo News, Science Daily, National Inquirer and in Wikipedia. His biography has been included in the Marquis Who's Who in America, Who's Who in the World.


Teaching Interests:

Cognitive Psychology, Physiological Psychology, Drugs and Behavior, Evolutionary Psychology, Decision Making and Risk Management, Learning and Cognition, Organizational Behavior, Managerial Decision Making & Risk Management


Research Interests:

Decision making and biases in social, managerial, political, and cultural contexts, Risk perception and risk propensity, Evolutionary, ecological and social rationality,¨ Decision heuristics; Reference Point dependent decision making; Life-history theory and inter-temporal choice; Embodied decision making Neurophysiological mechanisms of self-control and self-regulation


Education:

  • Ph D, Cognitive Psychology , New Mexico State University , 1993
  • MA, Physiological Psychology, New Mexico State University, 1989
  • MS, Pathology and Physiology, Jinan University , 1985
  • BS, Experimental Medicine , Beijing University of Medical Sciences, 1982

Grants:

  • Brain Signatures of Triphasic Delay Discounting: An fMRI Study, Center for Brain and Behavior Research. (2015 - 2016)
  • Intertemporal Choice, Delay Discounting, and Impulsivity: From Metabolic to Neural Mechanisms., Office of Research and Sponsored Programs. Grant Role: Co-Principal. (2013 - 2013)
  • Metabolic Mechanisms of Intertemporal Choice, Delay Discounting, and Impulsiveness, National Science Foundation. Grant Role: Principal. (2011 - 2016)

Publications:

Citations listed below are presented in a standardized, modified format for display purposes only. They do not necessarily reflect the preferred style and conventions of the faculty member or discipline.

  • Wang, X.T., Reed, R, Baugh, L, and Fercho, K. Resource forecasting: Differential effects of glucose taste and ingestion on delay discounting and self-control, 101-110. Vol. 121. Appetite, 2018. (DOI: doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2017.11.083)
  • Wang, X.T., and . A pointers hypothesis of general intelligence evolved from domain-specific demands, 47-48. Vol. 40. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 2017.
  • Xuan, Y.H., Li, S, Chen, J, Rao, L.L, Wang, X.T., Zheng, R, and . Genetic and environmental influences on gambling: A meta-analysis of twin studies. Frontiers in Psychology: Personality and Social Psychology, 2017. (DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2017.02121)
  • Wang, X.T., and Huangfu, Gang. Glucose-specific signaling effects on delay discounting in intertemporal choice, 195-201. Vol. 169. Physiology and Behavior, 2017. (DOI: 10.1016/j.physbeh.2016.12.001)
  • Garelik, Steven, and Wang, Xiao. Multiple framing: Verbal, facial, and vocal cues in risky choice, 322-331. Vol. 30, Iss. 2. Journal of Behavioral Decision Making , 2017. (DOI: 10.1002/bdm.1942)
  • Wang, X.T., Rao, Lilin, and Zheng, Hongming. Neural substrates of framing effects in social contexts: A meta-analytical approach, 268-279. Vol. 12, Iss. 3. Social Neuroscience, 2017.
  • Long, Preston, and Wang, X.T.. Theory of mind in evaluating pain symptoms. Vol. 4, Iss. 1. Psychology and Behavioral Science International Journal (PBSIJ), 2017. (DOI: 10.19080/PBSIJ.2017.04.555631)
  • Wang, Xiao. Framing effects: Behavioral dynamics and neural basis. In Neuroeconomics, edited by M. Reuter & C. Montag . New York: Springer, 2016.
  • Wang, X.T. (Xiao-Tian), Rao, Lilin, Zheng, Hongming, and . Neural substrates of framing effects in social contexts: A meta-analytical approach. Social Neuroscience, 2016. (DOI: 10.1002/bdm.1942)
  • Wang, X.T., Zheng, Rui, Xuan, Yanhua, Chen, Jie, and Li, Shu. Not all risks are created equal: A twin study and meta-analyses of risk-taking across seven domains, 1548-1560. Vol. 145, Iss. 11. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 2016.
  • Rao, L. Investment choice and perceived mating intention regulated by external resource cues and internal fluctuation in blood glucose levels, 1523. Vol. 5. Frontiers in Psychology, 2015. (DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2014.01523)
  • Wang, X.T.. Sense and sensibility of ownership: Effects of ownership experience on valuation of goods, 171-177. Vol. 58. Journal of Behavioral and Experimental Economics, 2015.
  • Xiong, GX, Li, AM, and Wang, X.T.. An analysis of wage gap and turnover decisions based on Tri-Reference Point theory, 1363-1371. Vol. 22. Beijing: Advances in Psychological Science (Chinese), 2014. (DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2014.01363)
  • Wang, Xiao, Li, S, and Rao, LL. Conservation combats exploitation: Choices within an evolutionary framework, 437-438. Vol. 37, Iss. 4. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 2014.
  • Wang, Xiao, and Hu, Z.. Trust or not: Trust-based choice heuristics in HR management, 1710-1716. Vol. 67. Journal of Business Research, 2014. (DOI: 10.1016/j.jbusres.2014.02.017)
  • Oliver-Rodriguez, J.C, Wang, Xiao, and Rao, LL. Non parametric three way mixed Anova with aligned rank tests. Vol. 37, Iss. 4. British Journal of Mathematical and Statistical Psychology, 2013. (DOI: 10.1111/bmsp.12031)
  • Wang, Xiao, and Wang, Peng. The three reference points in decision making.????????, 32-37. Iss. November. CEIBS Business Review, ????????, 2013.
  • Wang, Xiao, and Wang, Peng. Tri-reference point theory of decision making: From principles to applications (????????????????)., 1-16. Vol. 21. Advances in Psychological Science (??????), 2013.
  • Wang, Xiao, and Johnson, Joe. A tri-reference point theory of decision making under risk, 743-756. Vol. 141, Iss. 4. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 2012. (DOI: 10.1037/a0027415)
  • Wang, Xiao. Evolutionary psychology of decision making at risk. In Thus Spake Evolutionary Psychologists, edited by X.T. Wang, & Su, Y.J., 198-208. Beijing: Peking University Press, 2011.
  • Wang, Xiao, and Su, Y.J.. Thus Spake Evolutionary Psychologists. Beijing, China: Peking University Press , 2011.
  • Wang, Xiao, Zhu, L., and Zheng, H.. Framing Effects: Behavioral dynamics and meural basis, 3198-3204. Iss. 48. Neuropsychologia, 2010.
  • Wang, Xiao, Kruger, D, and Wilke, A. Life history variables and risk taking propensity, 77-84. Iss. 30. Evolution and Human Behavior, 2010.
  • Wang, Xiao. Sweet Future: Fluctuating blood glucose levels affect future discounting, 183-188. Vol. 21. Psychological Science, 2010.
  • Wang, Xiao. Six issues in methodology of behavioral research, 37-40. Iss. 42. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2009.
  • Wang, Xiao. Decision heuristics as predictors of public choice, 77-89. Iss. 21. Journal of Behavioral Decision Making , 2008.
  • Wang, Xiao. Evolutionary psychology of investment decisions: Studies of expected personal money allocation adn differential parental investment in sons and daughters, 406-414. Iss. 39. Acta Psychology Sinica, 2007.
  • Wang, Xiao, Kruger, D.J., and Wilke, A.. Towards the development of an evolutionarily valid domain-specific risk-taking scale, 555-568. Iss. 5. Evolutioniary Psychology , 2007.
  • Wang, Xiao. Emotions within reason: Resolving conflits in risk preference, 1132-1152. Iss. 20. Cognition and Emotion, 2006.
  • Wang, Xiao, and Xie, X.F.. Reference points and managers' cognitive characteristics in risky situations, 3-22. Iss. 36. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2004.
  • Wang, Xiao. Self-framing of risky choice, 1-16. Iss. 17. Journal of Behavioral Decision Making , 2004.
  • Keller, M, Gummeran, M, Wang, Xiao, and Lindsey, S. Understanding perspectives and emotions in contract violation: Development of deontic and moral reasoning, 614-635. Iss. 75. Child Development , 2004.
  • Savina, E.A., and Wang, Xiao. Risky choice in social contexts, 23-30. Vol. 24. Psikhologicheskii Zhurnal (Journal of Psychology, Russian Acad Sci), 2003.
  • Wang, Xiao, and Krauss, S.. The psychology ofthe Monty Hall problem: Discovering psychological mechanisms for solving a tenacious brain teaser, 3-22. Iss. 132. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 2003.
  • Wang, Xiao. A kith-and-kin rationality in risky choices: Empirical examinations and theoretical modeling. Edited by F. Salter, 47-70. Oxford: Risky Transactions: Trust, Kinship, and Ethnicity (Berghahn Books), 2002.
  • Wang, Xiao, and Xie, X.F.. Achievement motive and opportunity-threat perception, 192-199. Iss. 34. Acta Psychologica Sinica , 2002.
  • Wang, Xiao. Risk as reproductive variance, 35-57. Iss. 23. Evolution and Human Behavior, 2002.
  • Wang, Xiao. Bioeconomics, Law and Evolutionary Psychology. In Journal of Bioeconomics..
  • Wang, Xiao. Introduction: Bounded Rationality of Economic Man: New Frontiers in Evolutionary Psychology and Bioeconomics, 83-89. Iss. 3. Journal of Bioeconomics, 2001.
  • Wang, Xiao, Simons, F., and Bredart, S.. Social cues and verbal framing in risky choice, 1-15. Iss. 14. Journal of Behavioral Decision Making , 2001.
  • Wang, Xiao. Beyond "pardonable erroes by subjects and unpardonable ones by psychologists", 699-700. Iss. 23. Behavior and Brain Sciences, 2000.
  • Wang, Xiao. From Simon's scisors for rationality to ABC's adaptive tool box, 765-766. Iss. 23. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 2000.
  • Wang, Xiao. How can we be rational in a world of risks and uncertainties, 347-352. Iss. 21. Evolution and Human Behavior, 2000.
  • Wang, Xiao, and Rode, C.. Risk-senitive decisions examined in an evolutionary framework, 926-939. Iss. 43. American Behavioral Scientist, 2000.
  • Wang, Xiao. Domain-specific reationality in human choices: Violations of utility axioms and social contexts, 31-63. Iss. 60. Cognition, 1996.
  • Wang, Xiao. Evolutionary hypotheses of risk-sensitivechoice: Age differences and perspective change, 1-15. Iss. 17. Ethology adn Sociobioloy, 1996.
  • Wang, Xiao. Framing effects: Dynamics and task domains, 145-157. Iss. 68. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 1996.
  • Wang, Xiao, and Johnston, V.. Perceived social context and risk preference: A re-examination of framing effects in a life-death decision problem, 279-293. Iss. 8. Journal of Bahavioral Decision Making , 1995.
  • Wang, Xiao, and Johnston, V.. Changes in cognitive and emotional processing with reproductive status, 39-47. Iss. 42. Brain, Behavior and Evolution, 1993.
  • Wang, Xiao, Johnston, V., and Oliver, J.. Evoked brain potential studis of emotional and cognitive processes: Emotional adaptation hypothesis, 406-414. Iss. 24. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 1992.
  • Wang, Xiao, and Johnston, V.. The relationship between menstrual phase and the P3 component of ERPs, 400-409. Iss. 28. Psychophysioloy, 1991.
  • Wang, Xiao, and Li, Chu Jie. Study on the fever reaction during hyperthermic ceiling and hyperthermic ceiling plus pyrogen loading, 28-30. Iss. 2. Chinese Journal of Pathophysiology, 1986.
  • Rao, Li-Lin, Wang, Xiao, and Li, Shu. Investment choice and perceived mating intention regulated by external resource cues and internal fluctuation in blood glucose levels. Frontiers in Psychology: Evolutionary Psychology and Neuroscience.

Awards and Honors:

  • K.C. Wang Research Award, Chinese Academy of Sciences and KC Wang Foundation, 2010
  • APA Graduate Paper Competition Award, Southwestern Psychological Association, 1993
  • The Young Investigator Competition Award, Human Behavior and Evolution Soceity, 1992

Presentations:

  • Wang, P., Wang, X.T., Li, X., Xu, J.. The effect of thinking about own death on time perception and inter-temporal choice. Presented at the Asian Association of Social Psychology conference,, Auckland, New Zealand. (August 2017)
  • Wang, X.T.. Evolutionary psychology of risky choice and intertemporal choice.
  • Chen, X., Chou, Y.S., Wei, Y., Wang, X.T.. Newsvendor decisions with multiple profit reference points--- An experimental approach. Presented at the Annual International Conference of the Chinese Scholars Association for Management Science and Engineering, Guangzhou, China. (July 2017)
  • Wang, X.T.. An interdisciplinary approach to behavioral decision making. Presented at the Summer School at the National Center for Teaching in Psychology, Shanghai, China. (July 2017)
  • Wang, X.T.. Behavioral and neurophysiological mechanisms of decision making: Form ecological cues to embodied signals. Presented at the Decision and Neuroeconomics Doctoral Seminar, Beijing, China. (June 2017)
  • Wang, X.T., Dominguez, R.J., Asche, K.. Biracial cues of intergroup alliance: Effects on snap perception and social judgment. Presented at the Human Behavior and Evolution Society Annual Conference, Boise, Idaho. (June 2017)
  • Wang, X.T.. Towards an interdisciplinary synthesis of behavioral decision making.
  • Long, P., Wang, X.T., . Evaluating practitioner pain and fidelity. Presented at the Annual Health Care in Human Factors Symposium of the Human Factors and Ergonomic Society, New Orleans. (March 2017)
  • Wang, X.T., Asche, K., Dominguez, R.J., Kallestad, L.. Judgmental biases in interracial contexts. Presented at the the 57th annual meeting of the Psychonomic Society, Boston. (November 2016)
  • Wang, Xiao. Embodied decision-making: Metabolic and neurological signaling effects of blood glucose on delay discounting and impulsivity. Presented at the Annual Neurobehavioral Research Symposium. (August 2016)
  • Wang, Xiao. Embodied decision making and Resource Management: Signaling mechanism of blood glucose.
  • Wang, Xiao. Rationality at risk: Understanding decision-making behavior from the perspective of evolutionary psychology.
  • Wang, Xiao. Resource forecasting: Signaling Mechanism of blood glucose in self-control and self-regulation. Presented at the the 3rd Symposium on Decision Making and Brain Research, Shanghai, China. (July 2016)
  • Wang, Xiao, K, Asche, J, Dominguez, L, Kallestad. Perception of intergroup alliance: Perceptual and social judgment of biracial faces. Presented at the 10th Annual conference of the NorthEastern Evolutionary Psychology Society. (June 2016)
  • Wang, Xiao. Divide Risk and Categorize Rationality: Evolutionary Psychology of Behavioral Decision Making. Presented at the the Series of Distinguished Speakers . (June 2016)
  • Wang, Xiao, S, Garelik. Verbal, facial, and vocal framing: Cue use in risky choice. Presented at the Annual Meeting of the Psychonomic Society, Chicago. (November 2015)
  • Wang, X.T.. Verbal, facial, and vocal framing: Cue use in risky choice. Presented at the the 56th annual meeting of the Psychonomic Society, Chicago. (November 2015)
  • Wang, X.T.. Ownership history and experience-based decision making.. Presented at the the 25th Subjective Probability, Utility, and Decision Making Conference, Budapest, Hungary. (August 2015)
  • Wang, X.T.. Evolutionary mechanisms of decision making.
  • Wang, X.T.. Psychology of risk management.
  • Wang, X.T.. Interdisciplinary approaches to research design.
  • Wang, X.T.. Partitioning genetic and environmental contributions to domain-specific risk taking: A twin study and meta-analyses. Presented at the the 27th Annual Human Behavior and Evolution Society Conference. (May 2015)
  • Wang, X.T., Zheng, Rui, Xuan, Yanhua, Li, Shu. The origins of domain specific risk taking - Evidence from twin study and meta-analyses. Presented at the Annual meeting of the Society for Judgment and Decision Making, Long Beach, CA. (November 2014)
  • Wang, X.T., Ong, Lay See, Tan, Jolene. Psychology of ownership: Typology of experience and dynamics of valuation.. Presented at the Psychonomic Society Annual Conference, Long Beach. (November 2014)
  • Gunsolley, Chris, Wang, X.T.. Working memory exercise immediately enhances working memory capacity. Presented at the APA Annual Convention, Washington, DC. (August 2014)
  • Wang, X.T.. Resource allocation examined in social discounting across cultures. Presented at the The 26th Annual Human Behavior and Evolution Society Conference, Natal, Brazil. (August 2014)
  • Wang, X.T.. ocial Discounting over relational distance. Presented at the 2nd Symposium on Decision Making and Brain Research, , Beijing, China. (July 2014)
  • Gunsolley, Chris, Wang. Working memory exercise increases blood glucose Levels and reduces delay discounting. Presented at the 26th APS Annual Convention, San Francisco, CA, USA. (May 2014)
  • Wang, X.T., Emery, N, Wang, P, . Social discounting examined in two cultures. Presented at the Annual Conference of Psychonomic Society, Toronto. (November 2013)
  • Wang, Xiao, Hu, Z, , . Heuristics for trust-based personnel choices. Presented at the Annual Conference of Society for Judgment and Decision Making, Toronto. (November 2013)
  • Wang, X.T., , Li, Shu. Behavioral decision making: Evolutionary framework, information-processing mechanisms and brain substrates. Presented at the 1st International Symposium on Behavioral Decision Making and Brain Research, Beijing, China. (August 2013)
  • Wang, X.T., Rao, LiLin, , . A meta-analysis of framing effects: Behavioral dynamics and neural correlates. Presented at the the 24th Subjective Probability, Utility, and Decision Making Conference, Barcelona, Spain. (August 2013)
  • Wang, X.T., Huangfu, Gang, Li, Shu, Rao, Lilin. Fluctuating blood glucose regulates delay discounting in intertemporal choice. Presented at the Annual Conference of Society for Judgment and Decision Making, Minneapolis. (November 2012)
  • Wang, Xiao. Blood glucose as a signal in regulating intertemporal choice for resource acquisition. Presented at the Psychonomic Society annual conference, minneapolis. (November 2012)
  • Rao, Lilin, Wang, Xiao, Li, Shu. Short-term modulation of temporal discounting in the view of life-history theory and optimal foraging theory. Presented at the 30th International Congress of Psychology, Cape Town, South Africa.. (July 2012)
  • Wang, Xiao. Rational tools for decisions under risk. Presented at the Conference of the Academic Committee of Shanghai Applied Psychology Association, Shanghai, China. (June 2012)
  • Wang, Xiao. Knowing yourself to understand others: Biases and bias prevention in social decision making. Presented at the Invited colloquium by the MBA Education Center at East China Normal University, Shanghai, China. (June 2012)
  • Wang, Xiao. Predicting choice preference for salary options using natural reference points. Presented at the Psychonomic Society Annual Conference, Seattle. (November 2011)
  • Wang, Xiao, Li, Shu, Rao, Lilin. Metabolic mechanisms of intertemporal choice: Blood glucose and delay discounting. Presented at the Society of Medical Decision Making Annual Conference, Chicago. (October 2011)
  • Wang, Xiao. Evolutionary psychology of decision making. Presented at the The 9th Biennial Conference of the Asian Association of Social Psychology, Kunming, China. (August 2011)
  • Wang, Xiao. Evolutionary, ecological, and social Rationalities. Presented at the Invited talk at the workshop on Future Directions of NSF DRMS Research at Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA. (May 2011)
  • Wang, Xiao, Hu, Zhan. Trust or not: Choice heuristics in HR management. Presented at the Society of Judgment and Decision Making Annual Conference, St. Louis. (November 2010)
  • Wang, Xiao. Evolutionary Psychology of Risky Choice. Presented at the Invited talk by School of Social Sciences, Sinapore Management University. (August 2010)
  • Wang, Xiao, Zheng, Hongmin, Zhu, Liqi. Neural substrates of kith-and-kin rationality. Presented at the Annual Meeting of the Human Behavior and Evolution Society, Oregon. (June 2010)
  • Wang, Xiao, Zheng, HM, Zhu, LQ. An fMRI Study of ecological rationality: group size, kinship, group composition and risky choice. Presented at the Annual Conference of the Society for Judgment and Decision Making, Boston. (November 2009)
  • Wang, Xiao, Dvorak, Robert. Dynamics of future discounting and fluctuating blood glucose. Presented at the The Annual Meeting of the Psychonomic Society, Boston. (November 2009)
  • Wang, Xiao. From theory to experiments: Studies of risky decision making. Presented at the Invited talk for the Institute of Psyhology , Chinese Academy of Sciences. (July 2009)
  • Wang, Xiao. An Evolutionary Psychology Approach to Risk and Ricky Choice. Presented at the Invited talk for the Psychology Seminar Series , Beijing, China. (June 2009)
  • Wang, Xiao, Dvorak, Robert. Physiology of Foraging Choice: Blood Glucose and Future Discounting.
  • Yutrzenka, Barbara, Wang, Xiao, Diep, A.. Facial exressions and memory of human faces. Presented at the Texas Psychological Association Annual Meeting, San Antonio, TX. (November 2002)