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Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) is an umbrella term used to describe difficulties individuals may face when their mother drinks alcohol during pregnancy.


  • Occurs in about 9 per 1,000 births in the United States
  • Affects as many as 40,000 infants each year
  • Affects more children each year than spina bifida, Down syndrome and cerebral palsy combined

All FASDs are 100 percent preventable. The only cause of FASD is alcohol consumption by women during pregnancy. Women can prevent it by abstaining from alcohol during pregnancy.

For more information on FASD, visit the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.