Skip to main content

USD Professor Explains Early Goose and Bird Migration

Image David Swanson David Swanson

VERMILLION, S.D. -- Warming temperatures have caused migrating birds associated with water habitats to arrive earlier this spring in South Dakota, said David Swanson, Ph.D., professor of biology at the University of South Dakota and an acknowledged ornithology expert.

“Migrating snow geese arrived early this year,” said Swanson, co-author of the "Birds of South Dakota." "The bulk of the snow goose migration through South Dakota typically occurs from mid-March to early April. The first migratory flocks showed up this year on Feb. 19.”
Swanson said the earlier migration is caused by warmer winters. Average temperatures during winters in the Northern Plains states of South Dakota and Minnesota have warmed about 2 degrees per decade since the 1970s, he said.
“This year’s early spring arrival of migrating flocks of snow geese fits the overall trend during recent decades,” said Swanson.  “Even though this past winter was snowier than average, it was also relatively warm, and warmer winters allow ice-out to occur earlier on lakes and ponds, which opens up habitat for water birds and allows them to push north earlier.”

Swanson said it's a good time to be outdoors observing geese and other birds moving through the area.


USD's College of Arts & Sciences offers students a top-notch undergraduate liberal arts education in the humanities, social sciences and sciences as well as graduate programs that have earned USD distinction as a research university by the Carnegie Foundation. The college's more than 22,000 alumni include famous journalists, Hollywood screenwriters, novelists, a Nobel Prize winner, South Dakota governors, attorneys, physicians, justices of the state Supreme Court, distinguished university faculty and international humanitarians.


Founded in 1862 and the first university in the Dakotas, the University of South Dakota is the only public liberal arts university in the state, with 202 undergraduate and 84 graduate programs in the College of Arts & Sciences, School of Education, Knudson School of Law, Sanford School of Medicine, School of Health Sciences, Beacom School of Business and College of Fine Arts. With an enrollment of nearly 10,000 students and more than 400 faculty, USD has a 16:1 student/faculty ratio, and it ranks among the best in academics and affordability. USD’s 18 athletic programs compete at the NCAA Division I level.


Hanna DeLange
USD News