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Dental Hygienists Added to List of Mandatory Reporters of Child Maltreatment

CPCM Director Carrie Sanderson, CPCM Intern Delaney Jayne, Kelsey Phelps, Tasha Wendel, Carissa Regnerus, Mallory Hatzell, and Paige Hurlburt standing together at the South Dakota Capitol building. CPCM Director Carrie Sanderson, CPCM Intern Delaney Jayne, (Master of Social Work student), Kelsey Phelps (senior dental hygiene student), Tasha Wendel (SDDHA president elect), Carissa Regnerus (SDDHA president), Mallory Hatzell (senior dental hygiene student) and Paige Hurlburt (senior dental hygiene student) (pictured from left to right)supported the passage of House Bill 1132 while it was being debated in the legislature.

VERMILLION, S.D. – A group of South Dakota professionals are required to report suspected cases of child abuse and neglect, and dental hygienists will soon be added to that list.

House bill 1132 was signed into law by Gov. Kristi Noem following the 2021 Legislative Session and its language will be added to existing law in July.

Center for the Prevention of Child Maltreatment (CPCM) Director Carrie Sanderson said she is happy to add this important group of professionals to those required to report abuse and neglect.

“Dental hygienists visit with patients, get to know them and are able to sound the alarm if they suspect a child is experiencing harm,” Sanderson said. “Building a lifeline of child advocacy partners in the medical profession is crucial to preventing further harm to the children of South Dakota.”

Sanderson worked with the bill’s prime sponsor, Rep. Erin Healy, D-Sioux Falls, and spoke in favor of the bill when it was being considered by lawmakers.

“CPCM is proud of South Dakota’s efforts to strengthen the framework of protective factors that increase efforts to keep kids safe,” Sanderson said. “We are grateful for lawmaker’s support to include this important group in the state law mandating reporting of child abuse and neglect.”

South Dakota also allows permissive reporters meaning anyone can report abuse and neglect no matter what their occupation. The mandatory reporter statute requires certain professionals to report. Dental hygienists will join that list, which includes doctors, nurses, chiropractors, dentists, optometrists, emergency medical technicians and paramedics, mental health professionals, podiatrists, psychologists, religious healing practitioners, social workers, hospital interns and residents, parole officers, court services officers, law enforcement officers, teachers, school counselors and officials, employees or volunteers of a child advocacy or child welfare service provider, licensed and registered child welfare providers, employees and volunteers of domestic abuse shelters, any safety-sensitive person, chemical dependency counselors and coroners.

“We are truly humbled to partner with the Center for the Prevention of Child Maltreatment and do our part to help the children of South Dakota,” said Carissa Regnerus, M.A., R.D.H., president of the South Dakota Dental Hygienists’ Association and an associate professor of dental hygiene at the University of South Dakota. “Often dental hygienists are able to establish relationships during routine six-month visits which enables them to be able to recognize changes in their patients’ behaviors and health and follow up on them.”

Dental hygienists spend a significant amount of time inspecting the head, face, neck and mouth of their patients, Regnerus said. Research shows 65-75% of physical abuse occurs in these areas of the body. Adults who abuse children often move from one medical clinic to another, Regnerus stated, but they don’t always think to change dental providers.

Previously dentists were the only member of the dental team mandated to report abuse. Hygienists would report suspected cases, but the dentist could choose whether to report, Regnerus said. More hygienists now practice in alternative settings such as schools and under collaborative supervision. This means a dentist is not always available. Steps are being taken during dental training to make sure hygienists are ready for this responsibility.

“South Dakota dental hygienists are poised to recognize signs of abuse and neglect through their rigorous work in courses such as anatomy, oral pathology, and nutrition as well as through Prevent Abuse and Neglect through Dental Awareness (PANDA) training,” Regnerus said. “Upon completion of the Department of Social Services Mandatory Reporter Training, dental hygienists will be even better prepared to report suspected cases of abuse and neglect.”

The Division of Child Protection Services of the Department of Social Services receives close to 15,000 reports of child abuse and neglect per year. About 1,500 of those are substantiated. Reporting suspected abuse is one step to preventing child harm, Sanderson said.

If you suspect a case of child abuse or neglect the number to report from 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. Monday through Friday is 1-877-244-0864. If reporting after normal business hours, please contact local law enforcement.

Visit for a full guide to reporting abuse and neglect as well as information on preventing child abuse and neglect.

The Center for the Prevention of Child Maltreatment (CPCM) is the first organization to join local, tribal, state and federal efforts in the fight against child sexual abuse and other forms of maltreatment in South Dakota. CPCM was born out of the work of Jolene’s Law Task Force, established through SDCL 2-6-31 and its comprehensive 10-year plan to help South Dakotans know of, respond to and prevent child sexual abuse.


USD’s School of Health Sciences is a national leader in interprofessional health sciences education. South Dakota’s comprehensive School of Health Sciences develops scholars, practitioners and leaders in health and human services, including addiction counselors, dental hygienists, health science practitioners, medical laboratory scientists, nurses, occupational therapists, physical therapists, physician assistants, public health practitioners and social workers.


Founded in 1862 and the first university in the Dakotas, the University of South Dakota is the only public liberal arts university in the state, with 202 undergraduate and 84 graduate programs in the College of Arts & Sciences, School of Education, Knudson School of Law, Sanford School of Medicine, School of Health Sciences, Beacom School of Business and College of Fine Arts. With an enrollment of nearly 10,000 students and more than 400 faculty, USD has a 16:1 student/faculty ratio, and it ranks among the best in academics and affordability. USD’s 18 athletic programs compete at the NCAA Division I level.


Hanna DeLange
USD News